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If your periods are so heavy that they disrupt your normal daily activities, you may have excessive menstrual bleeding. The medical term for periods that are very heavy, prolonged, or both is menorrhagia. Symptoms of menorrhagia may also include cramping, pelvic pain and, in severe cases, anemia.

Excessive menstrual bleeding is a common condition that occurs for many of reasons. Two of the most common causes are: a hormonal imbalance and uterine growths.

Hormonal Imbalances

Your menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones, including estrogen and progesterone. When these hormones are out of balance, they can cause heavy periods or bleeding between periods. Causes of hormonal imbalances may include:

  • Hormonal changes in teens and in women nearing menopause
  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid disease
  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Strenuous exercise
  • Anorexia (eating disorder)

Types of Uterine Growths

  • Fibroids - benign (non-cancerous) growths in or near the uterus
  • Polyps - growths that attach to the inner wall of the uterus and protrude into the uterine cavity
  • Adenomyosis - endometrial tissue normally lining the uterus grows into the muscular walls of the uterus
  • Endometriosis - tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus grows outside your uterus
  • Endometrial cancer - an uncontrolled growth of cells of the uterine lining
  • Hyperplasia - an abnormal proliferation of cells (cell division or growth) that may result in enlargement (growth) of the uterus. This term is sometimes used to refer to a benign tumor or fibroid.

Illustration of uterus


While clinical studies support the effectiveness of the da Vinci Surgical System when used in minimally invasive surgery, individual results may vary. There are no guarantees of outcome. All surgeries involve the risk of major complications. Before you decide on surgery, discuss treatment options with your doctor. Understanding the risks of each treatment can help you make the best decision for your individual situation. Surgery with the da Vinci Surgical System may not be appropriate for every individual; it may not be applicable to your condition. Always ask your doctor about all treatment options, as well as their risks and benefits. Only your doctor can determine whether da Vinci Surgery is appropriate for your situation. The clinical information and opinions, including any inaccuracies expressed in this material by patients or doctor about da Vinci Surgery are not necessarily those of Intuitive Surgical, Inc. and should not be considered as substitute for medical advice provided by your doctor. All people depicted unless otherwise noted are models. © 2012 Intuitive Surgical. All rights reserved. Intuitive, Intuitive Surgical, da Vinci, da Vinci S, da Vinci Si, Single-Site, InSite, TilePro and EndoWrist are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intuitive Surgical. All other product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.

Content provided by Intuitive Surgical. For more information, please visit www.davincisurgery.com

PN 874293 Rev A 12/10 U 07/09/2012

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