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Pregnancy and Newborns   - When Baby Needs Special Care

When Baby Needs Special Care

Other Conditions


  • Birth Injuries

    Birth Injuries What is a birth injury? Occasionally during the birth process, the baby may suffer a physical injury that is simply the result of being born. This is sometimes called birth trauma or b...

  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) What is sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)? SIDS is the sudden and unexplained death of an infant under 1 year of age. SIDS is sometimes called crib death because...

Blood Sugar Disorders


  • Hypoglycemia in the Newborn

    Hypoglycemia in the Newborn What is hypoglycemia in the newborn? Hypoglycemia is a condition in which the amount of blood glucose (sugar) in the blood is lower than normal. Who is affected by hypogly...

  • Infant of Diabetic Mother

    Infant of Diabetic Mother Diabetes in pregnancy There are two types of diabetes that occur in pregnancy: Gestational diabetes --when a mother who does not have diabetes before becoming pregnant devel...

Digestive Disorders


  • Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER)

    Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER) What is GER? Gastroesophageal reflux is a digestive disorder that is caused by the abnormal flow of gastric acid from the stomach into the esophagus. Gastroesophageal re...

  • Necrotizing Enterocolitis

    Necrotizing Enterocolitis What is necrotizing enterocolitis? Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious intestinal illness in babies. "Necrotizing" means damage and death of cells "Entero" refers t...

Babies, Drugs, and Alcohol


  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

    Fetal Alcohol Syndrome What is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)? An infant born to a mother who drinks alcohol during pregnancy can have problems included in a group of disorders called fetal alcohol spe...

  • Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

    Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome What is neonatal abstinence syndrome? Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a term for a group of problems a baby experiences when withdrawing from exposure to narcotics....

Vision and Hearing Disorders


  • Hearing Loss in Babies

    Hearing Loss in Babies Hearing loss in babies occurs infrequently in the United States. However, without screening or testing, hearing loss may not be noticed until the baby is more than one year old...

  • Retinopathy of Prematurity

    Retinopathy of Prematurity What is retinopathy of prematurity? Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a disorder of the blood vessels of the retina (the light sensitive part of the eye). ROP is most com...

Brain Disorders


  • Periventricular Leukomalacia (PVL)

    Periventricular Leukomalacia (PVL) What is periventricular leukomalacia (PVL)? Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is characterized by the death or damage and softening of the white matter, the inner ...

  • Intraventricular Hemorrhage

    Intraventricular Hemorrhage What is intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH)? Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is bleeding inside or around the ventricles, the spaces in the brain containing the cerebral s...