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Diseases & Conditions   - Adult Health Library

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Gynecological Health

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  • Amenorrhea

    Amenorrhea What is amenorrhea? Amenorrhea is a menstrual condition characterized by absent menstrual periods for more than three monthly menstrual cycles. Amenorrhea may be classified as primary or s...

  • Anatomy of Female Pelvic Area

    Anatomy of Female Pelvic Area Click Image to Enlarge Endometrium-- the lining of the uterus Uterus-- also called the womb, the uterus is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen...

  • Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome (Gorlin Syndrome)

    Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome (Gorlin Syndrome) The risk for ovarian cancer and skin cancer is increased with basal cell nevus syndrome (also called Gorlin syndrome and nevoid basal cell carcinoma), a ra...

  • Cancer Treatment: Overview

    Cancer Treatment: Overview There are many different methods of treating cancer. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Treatment Protocols for Cancer: Ov...

  • Cervical Cancer

    Cervical Cancer Click Image to Enlarge What is the cervix? The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb) located between the bladder and the rectum. It forms a canal that opens into the v...

  • Cervicitis

    Cervicitis What is cervicitis? Click Image to Enlarge Cervicitis is an irritation of the cervix caused by a number of different organisms. Cervicitis is generally classified as either acute, meaning ...

  • Chemotherapy

    Chemotherapy What is chemotherapy? Chemotherapy is the use of anticancer drugs to treat cancerous cells. Chemotherapy has been used for many years and is one of the most common treatments for cancer....

  • Diagnostic Procedures for Cancer: Overview

    Diagnostic Procedures for Cancer: Overview What are diagnostic procedures for cancer? When symptoms suggest cancer, your doctor may request or perform any of the following procedures to help positive...

  • Dysmenorrhea

    Dysmenorrhea What is dysmenorrhea? Dysmenorrhea is a menstrual condition characterized by severe and frequent menstrual cramps and pain associated with menstruation. Dysmenorrhea may be classified as...

  • Endometrial Cancer

    Endometrial Cancer Click Image to Enlarge What is endometrial cancer? The lining of the uterus is called the endometrium. Cancer of the endometrium, the most common cancer of the female reproductive ...

  • Endometriosis

    Endometriosis Statistics related to endometriosis Endometriosis is a common gynecological condition, particularly among women of childbearing age, affecting an estimated 2 to 10 percent of American w...

  • Estrogen's Effects on the Female Body

    Estrogen's Effects on the Female Body Click Image to Enlarge What is estrogen? Estrogen is a group of hormones that play an important role in the normal sexual and reproductive development in women. ...

  • General Information About Cancer: Overview

    General Information About Cancer: Overview There are more than 100 types of cancers - each with its own specific risk factors, diagnostic procedures, and treatment protocols. Listed in the directory ...

  • Genetics of Ovarian Cancer

    Genetics of Ovarian Cancer Only a small percentage of cancers involve inherited mutations that are passed from generation to generation. The majority of cancers can be attributed to acquired mutation...

  • Glossary - Gynecological Health

    Glossary - Gynecological Health | A | | B | | C | | D | | E | | F | | G | | H | | I | | J | | K | | L | | M | | N | | O | | P | | Q | | R | | S | | T | | U | | V | | W | | X | | Y | | Z | A [return t...

  • Grading and Staging of Cancer

    Grading and Staging of Cancer What is grading of cancer? After the determination is made as to the type of cancer, the cancer is graded--a measurement of how aggressive the tumor is. Most cancer cell...

  • Gynecological Cancers

    Gynecological Cancers Several different types of gynecological cancer require the care of a health care provider. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. ...

  • Gynecological Conditions

    Gynecological Conditions Many different gynecological conditions require the care of a health care provider. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Recog...

  • Gynecological Inflammations and Infections

    Gynecological Inflammations and Infections Many different gynecological inflammations and infections require the clinical care of a physician or another health care professional. It is very important...

  • Home Page - Gynecological Health

    Topic Index Anatomy of the Female Pelvic Area Statistics: Gynecological Health at a Glance Menstrual Conditions Menopause Gynecologic Conditions Gynecologic Inflammations and Infections Hysterectomy ...

  • Hormone Therapy

    Hormone Therapy What is hormone therapy? Hormones are chemicals produced by glands, such as the ovaries and testicles. Hormones help some types of cancer cells to grow, such as breast cancer and pros...

  • Hysterectomy

    Hysterectomy What is hysterectomy? Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. Different portions of the uterus, as well as other organs, may be removed at the same time. Facts about hysterec...

  • Immunotherapy / Biological Therapy

    Immunotherapy/Biological Therapy What is biological therapy? Biological therapy (also called immunotherapy, biological response modifier therapy, or biotherapy) uses the body's immune system to fight...

  • Introduction to Menopause

    Introduction to Menopause What is menopause? When a woman permanently stops having menstrual periods, she has reached the stage of life called menopause. Often called the "change of life," this stage...

  • Menopausal Hormone Therapy

    Hormone Therapy The use of estrogen to supplement that which is no longer being produced by the body, and hormone therapy (HT), in which estrogen and progestin (a synthetic progesterone) are used in ...

  • Menopause

    Menopause There are many different considerations a woman needs to take as she approaches menopause. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Introduction ...

  • Menorrhagia

    Menorrhagia What is menorrhagia? Menorrhagia is the most common type of abnormal uterine bleeding characterized by heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding. In some cases, bleeding may be so severe and...

  • Menstrual Conditions

    Menstrual Conditions Many different menstrual conditions require the care of a health care provider. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. The Menstrual...

  • Online Resources - Gynecological Health

    Online Resources - Gynecological Health This Web was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medi...

  • Ovarian Cancer

    Ovarian Cancer Click Image to Enlarge What are the ovaries? The ovaries are female reproductive organs located in the pelvis. There are two of them—one on each side of the uterus. The ovaries produce...

  • Ovarian Cancer as Part of Lynch Syndrome

    Ovarian Cancer as Part of Lynch Syndrome A woman is at increased risk for ovarian cancer if she has Lynch syndrome, also called hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC). Lynch syndrome is an auto...

  • Overview of Cancer

    Overview of Cancer What is cancer? It is the nature of cells to divide and increase their number in a process called mitosis. Normal cells divide to replace those lost, or to repair injuries only, th...

  • Pap Test

    Pap Test What is a Pap test? Click Image to Enlarge A Pap test (sometimes called a Pap smear) is a way to examine cells collected from the cervix, or the opening of the womb (located at the top of th...

  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) What is pelvic inflammatory disease? Click Image to Enlarge Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is caused by bacteria, often the same type of bacteria that is responsi...

  • Pelvic Pain

    Pelvic Pain What is pelvic pain? Pelvic pain is a common complaint among women. Its nature and intensity may fluctuate, and its cause is often obscure. In some cases, no disease is evident. Pelvic pa...

  • Perimenopause

    Perimenopause What is perimenopause? Perimenopause refers to the transitional period of time before menstruation actually stops, which is marked by changes in the menstrual cycle, along with other ph...

  • Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome

    Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome The risk for breast and ovarian cancer is increased with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS), a rare early-onset autosomal dominant disorder, associated with specific physical charact...

  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

    Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) What is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? Polycystic ovary syndrome (also called PCOS or Stein Leventhal syndrome) is the most common hormonal and reproductive proble...

  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

    Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) What is premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)? A much more severe form of the collective symptoms known as premenstrual syndrome (PMS), premenstrual dysphoric ...

  • Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

    Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) What is premenstrual syndrome? Most women experience some unpleasant or uncomfortable symptoms during their menstrual cycle. For some women, the symptoms are significant, ...

  • Radiation Therapy and Cancer Treatment

    Radiation Therapy and Cancer Treatment Radiation therapy for cancer treatment Radiation therapy (also called therapeutic radiology or radiation oncology) uses X-rays, gamma rays, and charged particle...

  • Recognizing Gynecologic Problems

    Recognizing Gynecologic Problems Gynecological signs and symptoms that may require medical attention Vaginal bleeding and discharge are a normal part of your menstrual cycle prior to menopause. Howev...

  • Safer Sex Guidelines

    Safer Sex Guidelines What is "safe" sex? Sex in a monogamous relationship where neither party is infected with a sexually transmitted disease (STD) is believed to be "safe." However, many health care...

  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases

    Sexually Transmitted Diseases What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)? Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infectious diseases transmitted through sexual contact. The CDC estimates that 19...

  • Statistics: Gynecological Health at a Glance

    Statistics: Gynecological Health at a Glance Gynecological conditions and infections Virtually every woman is affected by a gynecological condition or infection at some time during her life. Consider...

  • Staying Healthy After Menopause

    Staying Healthy After Menopause While this "change of life" called menopause was once a life stage dreaded by many women, today's woman has an abundance of medical knowledge and resources available t...

  • Surgery

    Surgery Why surgery for cancer treatment? According to the American Cancer Society, surgery is the oldest form of cancer treatment. Surgery is used in cancer treatment for several purposes: Preventiv...

  • The Menstrual Cycle: An Overview

    The Menstrual Cycle: An Overview Click Image to Enlarge What is ovulation? When a young woman reaches puberty, she begins to ovulate - a process in which a mature egg cell (also called an ovum), read...

  • Topic Index - Gynecological Health

    Topic Index - Gynecological Health Gynecological Health Home Anatomy of the Female Pelvic Area Statistics: Gynecological Health at a Glance Menstrual Conditions The Menstrual Cycle: An Overview Preme...

  • Treatment Protocols for Cancer: Overview

    Treatment Protocols for Cancer: Overview How is cancer treated? Specific treatment for cancer will be determined by your physician based on: Your overall health and medical history Extent of the dise...

  • Uterine Cancer

    Uterine Cancer What is the uterus? Click Image to Enlarge The uterus, also called the womb, is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen (belly), between the bladder and the rect...

  • Uterine Fibroids

    Uterine Fibroids What are fibroids? Click Image to Enlarge Fibroids are the most frequently seen tumors of the female reproductive system. Fibroids, also known as uterine myomas, leiomyomas, or fibro...

  • Vaginal Cancer

    Vaginal Cancer Click Image to Enlarge What is the vagina? The vagina is the passageway through which fluid passes out of the body during menstrual periods. It is also called the "birth canal." The va...

  • Vaginitis

    Vaginitis What is vaginitis? Click Image to Enlarge Vaginitis refers to any inflammation or infection of the vagina. This is a common gynecological problem found in women of all ages, with one-third ...

  • Vulvar Cancer

    Vulvar Cancer Click Image to Enlarge What is the vulva? The vulva is the external portion of the female genital organs. It includes: Labia majora - two large, fleshy lips, or folds of skin Labia mino...

  • Vulvitis

    Vulvitis What is vulvitis? Click Image to Enlarge Vulvitis is simply an inflammation of the vulva, the soft folds of skin outside the vagina. This is not a condition, but rather a symptom that result...