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Diseases & Conditions   - Adult Health Library

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Kidney and Urinary System Disorders

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  • Analgesic Nephropathy

    Analgesic Nephropathy Click Image to Enlarge What is analgesic nephropathy? An analgesic is any medicine intended to alleviate pain. Over-the-counter analgesics, among others, include the following: ...

  • Anatomy of the Urinary System

    Anatomy of the Urinary System Click Image to Enlarge How do the kidneys and urinary system work? The body takes nutrients from food and converts them to energy. After the body has taken the food comp...

  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

    Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Click Image to Enlarge What is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)? BPH (also referred to as benign prostatic hypertrophy) is a condition in which the prostate gland...

  • Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction

    Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction Bladder dysfunction and bowel dysfunction refer to problems with urinating and passing stools. These may lead to the unwanted passage of urine or stool, called urinary o...

  • Bladder Cancer

    Bladder Cancer What is bladder cancer? Bladder cancer occurs when there are abnormal, cancerous cells growing in the bladder. According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), 74,000 cases of bladder c...

  • Cystocele (Fallen Bladder)

    Cystocele (Fallen Bladder) What is a cystocele? Cystocele is the name for a disorder in women that occurs when the wall between the bladder and the vagina weakens, causing the bladder to drop or sag ...

  • End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)

    End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Click Image to Enlarge What is renal failure? Renal failure refers to temporary or permanent damage to the kidneys that results in loss of normal kidney function. There...

  • Glomerulonephritis

    Glomerulonephritis Click Image to Enlarge What is glomerulonephritis? Glomerulonephritis is a type of glomerular kidney disease in which the kidneys' filters (glomeruli composed of tiny blood vessels...

  • Glomerulosclerosis

    Glomerulosclerosis Click Image to Enlarge What is glomerulosclerosis? Glomerulosclerosis is the term used to describe scarring that occurs within the kidneys in the collections of tiny blood vessels ...

  • Glossary - Urology

    Glossary - Urology | A | | B | | C | | D | | E | | F | | G | | H | | I | | J | | K | | L | | M | | N | | O | | P | | Q | | R | | S | | T | | U | | V | | W | | X | | Y | | Z | A [return to top] Analge...

  • Goodpasture Syndrome

    Goodpasture Syndrome Click Image to Enlarge What is Goodpasture syndrome? Goodpasture syndrome is a rare, autoimmune disease that can affect the lungs and kidneys. Normally, the immune system creates...

  • Hematuria (Blood in the Urine)

    Hematuria (Blood in the Urine) What is hematuria? Hematuria is the presence of red blood cells (RBCs) in the urine. Often, the urine appears normal to the naked eye, but examination under a microscop...

  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

    Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) Click Image to Enlarge What is (HUS)? Hemolytic uremic syndrome is a rare condition that primarily affects children under the age of 10. It is often characterized by: ...

  • Immunoglobulin A (IgA) Nephropathy

    Immunoglobulin A (IgA) Nephropathy Click Image to Enlarge What is IgA nephropathy? IgA nephropathy is a chronic kidney disease that may progress over a period of 10 to 20 years, and can lead to end-s...

  • Impotence / Erectile Dysfunction

    Impotence / Erectile Dysfunction Click Image to Enlarge What is erectile dysfunction (ED)? Impotence, or erectile dysfunction, is the inability to achieve an erection, and/or dissatisfaction with the...

  • Interstitial Cystitis

    Interstitial Cystitis What is interstitial cystitis? Interstitial cystitis (IC) is complex, chronic disorder characterized by an inflamed or irritated bladder wall. It can lead to scarring and stiffe...

  • Kidney Cancer

    Kidney Cancer Click Image to Enlarge What is kidney cancer? Most cancers are named after the part of the body where the cancer first begins, and kidney cancer is no exception. Kidney cancer begins in...

  • Kidney Disorders

    Kidney Disorders Many disorders of the kidney require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some of the conditions, for which we have provi...

  • Kidney Stones

    Kidney Stones Click Image to Enlarge What is a kidney stone? A kidney stone is a solid piece of material that forms from crystallization of excreted substances in the urine. The stone may remain in t...

  • Kidney Transplantation

    Kidney Transplantation Click Image to Enlarge What is a kidney transplant? A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure performed to replace a diseased kidney with a healthy kidney from another person...

  • Male Factor Infertility

    Male Factor Infertility Click Image to Enlarge What is infertility? Infertility is defined by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) as a disease of the reproductive system that impair...

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    Nephrotic Syndrome Click Image to Enlarge What is nephrotic syndrome? Nephrotic syndrome is a condition often characterized by the following: Very high levels of protein in the urine Low levels of pr...

  • Neurogenic Bladder

    Neurogenic Bladder Click Image to Enlarge What is a neurogenic bladder? The muscles and nerves of the urinary system work together to hold urine in the bladder and then release it at the appropriate ...

  • Online Resources - Urology

    Online Resources - Urology This Web was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice yo...

  • Overview of Kidney Disorders

    Overview of Kidney Disorders How do the kidneys work? Click Image to Enlarge The body takes nutrients from food and converts them to energy. After the body has used all the food components that it ne...

  • Overview of Urogenital Disorders

    Overview of Urogenital Disorders What does urogenital mean? Urogenital is a word that refers to the urinary and genital organs. Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with: The urinary tract in ...

  • Peyronie's Disease

    Peyronie's Disease Click Image to Enlarge What is Peyronie's disease? Peyronie's disease is characterized by a plaque, or hard lump, that forms on the erection tissue of the penis. The plaque often b...

  • Polycystic Kidney Disease

    Polycystic Kidney Disease Click Image to Enlarge What is polycystic kidney disease (PKD)? Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts filled wi...

  • Prostate Cancer

    Prostate Cancer Prostate cancer statistics The fear of having prostate cancer can be devastating to men. However, it is most successfully treated when found early. Consider these statistics from the ...

  • Prostate Disease

    Prostate Disease Facts about the prostate gland The prostate is a sex gland in men. It's about the size of a walnut, and surrounds the neck of the bladder and urethra—the tube that carries urine from...

  • Renal Vascular Disease

    Renal Vascular Disease What is renal vascular disease? Renal vascular disease is the name given to a variety of complications that affect the arteries and veins of the kidneys. These complications af...

  • Topic Index - Urology

    Topic Index - Urology Kidney and Urinary System Disorders Home Anatomy of the Kidneys and Urinary System Kidney Disorders Overview of Kidney Disorders Analgesic Nephropathy End-Stage Renal Disease (E...

  • Urinary Incontinence

    Urinary Incontinence What is urinary incontinence (UI)? Urinary incontinence (UI) is the loss of urine control, or the inability to hold your urine until you can reach a restroom. According to the Na...

  • Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

    Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) Click Image to Enlarge What are urinary tract infections (UTIs)? Urinary tract infections are a serious, but common, health problem that affects millions of people eac...

  • Urogenital Disorders

    Urogenital Disorders Many disorders of the urinary system require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some of the conditions, for which w...

  • Vesicoureteral Reflux

    Vesicoureteral Reflux Click Image to Enlarge What is vesicoureteral reflux (VUR)? Vesicoureteral reflux occurs when urine dwelling in the bladder flows back into the ureters and often back into the k...