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Nervous System Disorders

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  • Acute Spinal Cord Injury

    Acute Spinal Cord Injury What is an acute spinal cord injury? Click Image to Enlarge The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that carries messages between the brain and the rest of the body. Acute spin...

  • Alzheimer's Disease

    Alzheimer's Disease What is Alzheimer's disease? According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Alzheimer's disease is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease that occurs ...

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) What is ALS? Click Image to Enlarge Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a terminal neurological disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of nerve cells in t...

  • Anatomy of the Brain

    Anatomy of the Brain What is the central nervous system (CNS)? The CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord. The brain is an important organ that controls thought, memory, emotion, touch, motor skil...

  • Ataxia

    Ataxia What is ataxia? Ataxia means without coordination . People who are diagnosed with ataxia lose muscle control in their arms and legs, which may lead to a lack of balance, coordination, and poss...

  • Bell's Palsy

    Bell's Palsy What is Bell's palsy? Bell's palsy is an unexplained episode of facial muscle weakness or paralysis that begins suddenly and worsens over three to five days. This condition results from ...

  • Brain Tumors

    Brain Tumors What is a brain tumor? A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue in the brain. The tumor can either originate in the brain itself (primary brain tumor), or come from another part of ...

  • Cerebral Aneurysm

    Cerebral Aneurysm What is a cerebral aneurysm? Click Image to Enlarge A cerebral aneurysm (also called an intracranial aneurysm or brain aneurysm) is a bulging, weakened area in the wall of an artery...

  • Cluster Headaches

    Cluster Headaches What is a cluster headache? Relative to other types of primary headache, cluster headaches are rare. The pain they produce is severe and tends to recur in the same way each time for...

  • Diagnosis and Treatment for Migraines

    Diagnosis and Treatment for Migraines How are migraine headaches diagnosed? In order to get an accurate diagnosis it is important to be able to describe your migraine symptoms to your doctor. It is h...

  • Diagnostic Tests for Neurological Disorders

    Diagnostic Tests for Neurological Disorders What are some diagnostic tests for nervous system disorders? Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is complicated and complex. Many of the...

  • Effects of Stroke (Brain Attack)

    Effects of Stroke (Brain Attack) What are the effects of stroke? The effects of stroke (brain attack) vary from person to person based on the type, severity, and location of the stroke. The brain is ...

  • Encephalitis

    Encephalitis What is encephalitis? Click Image to Enlarge Encephalitis is a term used to describe inflammation of the brain. This condition causes problems with the brain and spinal cord function. Th...

  • Epilepsy and Seizures

    Epilepsy and Seizures What is epilepsy? Epilepsy is a neurological condition involving the brain that makes people more susceptible to having recurrent, unprovoked seizures. It is one of the most com...

  • Glossary - Nervous System Disorders

    Glossary - Nervous System Disorders | A | | B | | C | | D | | E | | F | | G | | H | | I | | J | | K | | L | | M | | N | | O | | P | | Q | | R | | S | | T | | U | | V | | W | | X | | Y | | Z | A [back...

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Guillain-Barré Syndrome What is Guillain-Barré syndrome? Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a neurological disorder in which the body's immune system attacks part of the peripheral nervous system. The ...

  • Head Injury

    Head Injury What is a head injury? Head injuries are one of the most common causes of disability and death in adults. The injury can be as mild as a bump, bruise (contusion), or cut on the head, or c...

  • Headache

    Headache What is a headache? A headache is pain or discomfort in the head or face area. Headaches vary greatly in terms of pain location, pain intensity, and how frequently they occur. As a result of...

  • History of Stroke

    History of Stroke Hippocrates, the father of medicine, first recognized stroke over 2,400 years ago. At this time stroke was called apoplexy, which means "struck down by violence" in Greek. This was ...

  • Home Page - Nervous System Disorders

    Topic Index Overview of Nervous System Disorders Anatomy of the Brain Diagnostic Tests for Neurological Disorders Neurological Examination Neurological Disorders Glossary The nervous system is a comp...

  • How a Migraine Happens

    How a Migraine Happens Theories about migraine pain Older theories about migraines suggested that symptoms were possibly due to fluctuations in blood flow to the brain. Now many headache researchers ...

  • Lumbar Disk Disease (Herniated Disk)

    Lumbar Disk Disease (Herniated Disk) Click Image to Enlarge Anatomy of the lumbar spine The vertebral column, also called the backbone, is made up of 33 vertebrae that are separated by spongy disks a...

  • Meningitis

    Meningitis What is meningitis? Click Image to Enlarge Meningitis is a disease caused by an inflammation of the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain. The inflammation is usually caused by i...

  • Migraine Headaches

    Migraine Headaches What are migraine headaches? This throbbing type of headache is distinguished by the fact that symptoms other than pain occur with the headache. Nausea and vomiting, lightheadednes...

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Multiple Sclerosis What is multiple sclerosis (MS)? Click Image to Enlarge Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease of the central nervous system. It is thought to be an autoimmune disorder. It i...

  • Muscular Dystrophy

    Muscular Dystrophy What is muscular dystrophy? Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a broad term that describes a genetic (inherited) disorder of the muscles. Muscular dystrophy causes the muscles in the body ...

  • Myasthenia Gravis

    Myasthenia Gravis What is myasthenia gravis? Click Image to Enlarge Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a chronic, complex, autoimmune disorder in which antibodies destroy neuromuscular connections. This cause...

  • Neurocutaneous Syndromes

    Neurocutaneous Syndromes What are neurocutaneous syndromes? Click Image to Enlarge Neurocutaneous syndrome is a broad term for a group of neurologic (brain, spine, and peripheral nerve) disorders. Th...

  • Neurological Disorders

    Neurological Disorders There are many nervous system disorders that require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have pr...

  • Neurological Examination

    Neurological Examination What is a neurological examination? A neurological examination, also called a neuro exam , is an evaluation of a person's nervous system that can be performed in the doctor's...

  • Neurological Surgery

    Neurological Surgery What is neurological surgery? Neurological surgery, also called neurosurgery , is the branch of medicine that provides both operative and nonoperative management of disorders tha...

  • Neurology

    Neurology What is neurology? Neurology is the branch of medicine that is concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. Who is the neurologist? The doctor who specializes ...

  • Online Resources - Nervous System Disorders

    Online Resources - Nervous System Disorders This Web was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professional ...

  • Overview of Nervous System Disorders

    Overview of Nervous System Disorders What is the nervous system? The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities. It is made up of two major divis...

  • Overview of Stroke

    Overview of Stroke Click Image to Enlarge What is stroke? Stroke, also called brain attack, occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted. Disruption in blood flow is caused when either a blood cl...

  • Parkinson's Disease (PD)

    Parkinson's Disease (PD) What is PD? Click Image to Enlarge Parkinson's disease (or, simply, Parkinson's) is the most common form of parkinsonism, a group of motor system disorders. It is a slowly pr...

  • Rehabilitation for Neurological Disorders

    Rehabilitation for Neurological Disorders What conditions may benefit from neurological rehabilitation? The nervous system is vulnerable to various disorders. It can be damaged by injuries, infection...

  • Rehabilitation for Stroke

    Rehabilitation for Stroke What is rehabilitation? Rehabilitation is the process of helping an individual achieve the highest level of independence and quality of life possible--physically, emotionall...

  • Risk Factors for Stroke

    Risk Factors for Stroke Evaluating the risk for stroke is based on heredity, natural processes, and lifestyle. Many risk factors for stroke can be changed or managed, while others that relate to here...

  • Septicemia

    Septicemia What is septicemia? Septicemia is the clinical name for blood poisoning. Septicemia that progresses to septic shock has a death rate as high as 50 percent, depending on the type of organis...

  • Signs and Symptoms of Stroke

    Signs and Symptoms of Stroke What are the most common symptoms of stroke? The following are the most common symptoms of stroke. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. If any of...

  • Statistics of Stroke

    Statistics of Stroke More about stroke or brain attack The American Stroke Association (ASA), a division of the American Heart Association, reports the following statistics regarding strokes: Stroke ...

  • Stroke (Brain Attack)

    Stroke (Brain Attack) Stroke is a serious condition that requires clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed in the directory below you will find some additional informatio...

  • Tension Headaches

    Tension Headaches What is a tension headache? Tension headaches are the most common type of headache. Stress and muscle tension are often factors in tension type headaches. Tension headaches typicall...

  • Topic Index - Nervous System Disorders

    Topic Index - Nervous System Disorders Nervous System Disorders Home Overview of Nervous System Disorders Neurology Neurological Surgery Rehabilitation for Neurological Disorders Rehabilitation for P...

  • Treatment for Stroke

    Treatment for Stroke Medical treatment for stroke Specific treatment for stroke will be determined by your doctor based on: Your age, overall health, and medical history Severity of the stroke Locati...

  • Types of Stroke

    Types of Stroke What are the different types of stroke? According to the American Stroke Association (ASA), strokes can be classified into two main categories: 87 percent are ischemic strokes. These ...