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Diseases & Conditions   - Adult Health Library

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Otolaryngology

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  • Acoustic Neuroma

    Acoustic Neuroma What is acoustic neuroma? Acoustic neuroma, also referred to as vestibular schwannoma, is a noncancerous tumor that may develop from an overproduction of Schwann cells that press on ...

  • Aphasia

    Aphasia What is aphasia? Aphasia is a language disorder caused by damage in a specific area of the brain that controls language expression and comprehension, and leaves a person unable to communicate...

  • Audiology

    Audiology What is audiology? Audiology is the clinical evaluation and management of hearing and balance problems in people of all ages. It also involves the fitting and management of hearing aids and...

  • Balance Disorders

    Balance Disorders Many balance disorders require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some of the conditions, for which we have provided a...

  • Deviated Septum

    Deviated Septum What is a deviated septum? The nasal septum is made of cartilage, and divides the nose into two separate chambers. A deviated septum is an abnormal configuration of the cartilage that...

  • Ear Infections

    Ear Infections Many different types of ear infections require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brie...

  • Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders

    Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders Many disorders of the ear, nose, and throat require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some of the condi...

  • Ear, Nose, and Throat Facts

    Ear, Nose, and Throat Facts Click Image to Enlarge What is the ear? External or outer ear, consisting of: Pinna or auricle. This is the outside part of the ear. External auditory canal or tube . This...

  • Glossary - Otolaryngology

    Glossary - Otolaryngology | A | | B | | C | | D | | E | | F | | G | | H | | I | | J | | K | | L | | M | | N | | O | | P | | Q | | R | | S | | T | | U | | V | | W | | X | | Y | | Z | A [return to top]...

  • Hearing Aids

    Hearing Aids What are hearing aids? Nearly 36 million adults in the U.S. have some degree of hearing loss. Hearing aids can help improve hearing and speech especially in persons with sensorineural he...

  • Hearing Disorders

    Hearing Disorders Many conditions concerned with hearing require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some of the conditions, for which we...

  • Hearing Loss

    Hearing Loss What is hearing loss? Hearing loss is a medical disorder that affects nearly 36 million adults in the United States. Impaired hearing may be caused by many things. Older people are the l...

  • Home Page - Otolaryngology

    Topic Index Ear, Nose, and Throat Facts Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders Hearing Disorders Balance Disorders Smell and Taste Disorders (Chemosensory Disorders) Speech and Voice Disorders Language Diso...

  • Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

    Landau-Kleffner Syndrome What is Landau-Kleffner syndrome? Landau-Kleffner syndrome is a rare language disorder. It frequently occurs in normally developing children, usually between five and seven y...

  • Language Disorders

    Language Disorders Many language disorders require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some of the conditions, for which we have provided...

  • Laryngeal Cancer (Cancer of the Larynx)

    Laryngeal Cancer (Cancer of the Larynx) What is laryngeal cancer? Laryngeal cancer includes cancerous cells found in any part of the larynx, which consists of the glottis, the supraglottis, or the su...

  • Ménière's Disease

    Ménière's Disease What is Ménière's disease? Ménière's disease is a balance disorder caused by an abnormality found in a section of the inner ear called the labyrinth . There are an estimated 615,000...

  • Noise-Induced Hearing Loss

    Noise-Induced Hearing Loss Noise and hearing loss When the ears are exposed to extremely loud noises, or to prolonged loud noises, inner ear structures can be damaged, leading to noise-induced hearin...

  • Online Resources - Otolaryngology

    Online Resources - Otolaryngology This Web was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical ad...

  • Other Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders

    Other Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders Many conditions of the ear, nose, and throat require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some of th...

  • Otitis Externa

    Otitis Externa What is otitis externa (swimmer's ear)? Click Image to Enlarge Otitis externa, also called swimmer's ear, is an inflammation, irritation, or infection of the external ear canal. Swimme...

  • Otitis Media (Ear Infection)

    Otitis Media (Ear Infection) What is otitis media? Click Image to Enlarge Otitis media is infection or inflammation located in the middle ear. About 75 percent of children have at least one episode o...

  • Otolaryngology

    Otolaryngology What is otolaryngology? Click Image to Enlarge Otolaryngology is the medical specialty that focuses on medical and surgical treatment for patients who have disorders of the: Ear, which...

  • Presbycusis

    Presbycusis What is presbycusis? Click Image to Enlarge Presbycusis is the gradual loss of hearing that occurs as people age. It is a common disorder associated with aging. One in three older adults ...

  • Sinusitis

    Sinusitis What are sinuses? Click Image to Enlarge The sinuses are cavities, or air-filled pockets, that are near the nasal passage. The sinuses make mucus, which is a fluid that cleans the bacteria ...

  • Snoring

    Snoring What is snoring? Snoring is the sound that occurs during sleep when flow of air is obstructed in the area where the tongue and upper throat meet the soft palate and uvula. Snoring noises occu...

  • Spasmodic Dysphonia

    Spasmodic Dysphonia What is spasmodic dysphonia? Spasmodic dysphonia, also called laryngeal dystonia , is a voice disorder. It is characterized by involuntary spasms or movements in the muscles of th...

  • Speech and Voice Disorders

    Speech and Voice Disorders Many speech and voice disorders require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some of the conditions, for which ...

  • Stuttering

    Stuttering What is stuttering? Stuttering, sometimes referred to as stammering or diffluent speech , is a speech disorder. This is different than normal repetition of words that children may do when ...

  • Tinnitus

    Tinnitus What is tinnitus? Click Image to Enlarge Tinnitus is the sound of ringing, roaring, buzzing, hissing, or clicking that occurs inside the head. The sounds may come and go, be continuous, occu...

  • Tonsillitis

    Tonsillitis What is tonsillitis? Tonsillitis refers to the inflammation of a tonsil--the large, fleshy, oval glands that lie in the lateral wall of the oral pharynx on either side of the throat. Thes...

  • Topic Index - Otolaryngology

    Topic Index - Otolaryngology Otolaryngology Home Ear, Nose, and Throat Facts Otolaryngology Audiology Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders Hearing Disorders Hearing Loss Presbycusis Tinnitus Usher Syndrom...

  • Usher Syndrome

    Usher Syndrome What is Usher syndrome? Usher syndrome is an inherited disorder that involves both a hearing impairment and a vision impairment called retinitis pigmentosa. Retinitis pigmentosa is a p...

  • Vocal Cord Disorders

    Vocal Cord Disorders What are vocal cord disorders? The vocal cords (also called vocal folds) are two bands of smooth muscle tissue located in the larynx (voice box). The larynx is located in the nec...