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Diseases & Conditions   - Adult Health Library

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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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  • Acquired Brain Injury

    Acquired Brain Injury What is acquired brain injury? Acquired brain injury (ABI) occurs when a sudden, external, physical assault damages the brain. It is one of the most common causes of disability ...

  • Amputation

    Amputation What is an amputation? Amputation is an acquired condition that results in the loss of a limb, usually from injury, disease, or surgery. Congenital (present at birth) limb deficiency occur...

  • Audiologist

    Audiologist What is an audiologist? Clinical audiologists are health care professionals who measure and evaluate a person's ability to hear sounds, and specialize in the treatment of people with hear...

  • Back and Neck Pain

    Back and Neck Pain What is low back pain? Low back pain can range from mild, dull, annoying pain, to persistent, severe, disabling pain in the lower back. Pain in the lower back can restrict mobility...

  • Burns

    Burns What are burns? Burns are a type of traumatic injury caused by thermal, electrical, chemical, or electromagnetic energy. Smoking and open flame are the leading causes of burn injury for older a...

  • Cancer Rehabilitation

    Cancer Rehabilitation What is cancer rehabilitation? Cancer rehabilitation is a doctor-supervised program for people who have undergone treatment for cancer, and designed to help patients return to a...

  • Chaplain

    Chaplain Chaplains serve in many hospital settings, and some are assigned to rehabilitation units. They act as spiritual counselors to help patients, families, and the health care staff members: Thro...

  • Choosing a Rehabilitation Unit/CARF

    Choosing a Rehabilitation Unit/CARF Choosing a rehabilitation facility Rehabilitation services are provided in many different places, including the following: Acute care and rehabilitation hospitals ...

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease What is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)? COPD is a term that refers to a group of lung diseases that can interfere with normal breathing. According ...

  • Chronic Pain

    Chronic Pain What is pain? Pain is an unpleasant feeling that lets you know that something may be wrong. It is one of the body's warning signals that indicates a problem that needs attention. Pain st...

  • Clinical Social Worker

    Clinical Social Worker What is a clinical social worker? A clinical social worker is a professional who helps to assess and alleviate problems related to personal, family, or social situations. Clini...

  • Community Re-Entry

    Community Re-Entry One of the main goals of rehabilitation is to prepare the patient for life after discharge. This includes the following: Adapting to living with a disability Promoting independence...

  • Complications of Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment

    Complications of Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment During hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), you breathe pure oxygen inside a highly pressured environment. Often, pressure in the chamber is between 1.5 to 3...

  • Effects of Rehabilitation on the Family

    Effects of Rehabilitation on the Family The patient's family plays a vital part in the rehabilitation process. One of the most important factors in the patient's recovery is family involvement and su...

  • Glossary - Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

    Glossary - Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation | A | | B | | C | | D | | E | | F | | G | | H | | I | | J | | K | | L | | M | | N | | O | | P | | Q | | R | | S | | T | | U | | V | | W | | X | | Y | |...

  • Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

    Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, or HBOT, is a type of treatment used to speed up healing of carbon monoxide poisoning, gangrene, stubborn wounds, and infections in which tissues ...

  • Multiple Sclerosis and Pregnancy

    Multiple Sclerosis and Pregnancy What is multiple sclerosis (MS)? MS is a chronic disease of the central nervous system. It is an unpredictable condition that can be relatively benign, disabling, or ...

  • Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

    Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation What is musculoskeletal rehabilitation? A musculoskeletal rehabilitation program is a doctor-supervised program designed for people with impairments or disabilities due...

  • Neurological Rehabilitation

    Neurological Rehabilitation What is neurological rehabilitation? Neurological rehabilitation is a doctor-supervised program designed for people with diseases, trauma, or disorders of the nervous syst...

  • Occupational Therapist

    Occupational Therapist What is an occupational therapist? Occupational therapy is a health care profession that helps people with physical, developmental, or emotional disabilities lead independent, ...

  • Orthotist and Prosthetist

    Orthotist and Prosthetist What is an orthotist? An orthotist is a health care professional who makes and fits braces and splints (orthoses) for patients who need added support for body parts that hav...

  • Osteoporosis

    Osteoporosis What is osteoporosis? Osteoporosis, or porous bone, is a disease in which there is a loss of bone mass and destruction of bone tissue. This process causes weakening of the bones and make...

  • Outpatient Rehabilitation

    Outpatient Rehabilitation When you're recovering from an illness, surgery, or injury, you may need outpatient rehabilitation. This means you'll receive one or more types of therapy after you've been ...

  • Overview of the PM&R Treatment Team

    Overview of the PM&R Treatment Team What specialists make up the PM&R treatment team? A rehabilitation program is specifically designed for each individual depending on the injury, disorder, ...

  • Patient and Family

    Patient and Family The patient and family as rehabilitation team members The patient and family are the most important members of the rehabilitation team. It is vitally important that open and honest...

  • Physiatrist

    Physiatrist What is physiatry? Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) is also called physiatry. This medical specialty deals with the evaluation and treatment of patients with a disease, dis...

  • Physical Rehabilitation at the Hospital

    Physical Rehabilitation at the Hospital If you are in the hospital recovering from surgery, healing from an injury, or being treated for a disabling medical condition, physical rehabilitation may be ...

  • Physical Therapist

    Physical Therapist What is a physical therapist? Physical therapy is the health profession that focuses on the evaluation, management, and prevention of disorders of human motion. Physical therapists...

  • PM and R Treatment Team

    PM and R Treatment Team There are many specialists on the physical medicine and rehabilitation healthcare team. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Ov...

  • Pulmonary Rehabilitation

    Pulmonary Rehabilitation What is pulmonary rehabilitation? Pulmonary rehabilitation is a doctor-supervised program for people who have chronic lung diseases, such as emphysema and chronic obstructive...

  • Recreation Therapist

    Recreation Therapist What is a recreational therapist? Recreation therapy is a planned, organized, and therapeutic recreation program designed to help patients develop social skills and learn to part...

  • Registered Dietitian

    Registered Dietitian Registered dietitians, or nutritionists, assess and provide for the nutritional needs of the patient with a disability. They assist the physician and provide a treatment plan whi...

  • Rehabilitation Case Manager

    Rehabilitation Case Manager What is a rehabilitation case manager? A rehabilitation case manager is a trained professional who helps to plan, organize, coordinate, monitor, and evaluate services and ...

  • Rehabilitation Nurse

    Rehabilitation Nurse What is a rehabilitation nurse? The rehabilitation nurse is a nurse who specializes in assisting persons with disabilities and chronic illness to attain optimal function, health,...

  • Repetitive Motion Injury

    Repetitive Motion Injury What is a repetitive motion injury (repetitive stress injury)? Repetitive motion injuries, also called repetitive stress injuries, are temporary or permanent injuries to musc...

  • Respiratory Therapist

    Respiratory Therapist What is a respiratory therapist? Respiratory therapists are specially trained health care professionals who help treat and restore function for patients with airway and breathin...

  • Specialized Areas of Rehabilitation

    Specialized Areas of Rehabilitation There are many different specialized areas of rehabilitation - each with individual goals and approaches to care. Listed in the directory below are some, for which...

  • Speech/Language Pathologist

    Speech/Language Pathologist What is a speech/language pathologist? Speech/language pathologists specialize in assessing, diagnosing, and treating people with communication problems that result from d...

  • Spinal Cord Injury

    Spinal Cord Injury What is an acute spinal cord injury? Click Image to Enlarge The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that carries messages between the brain and the rest of the body. Acute spinal cor...

  • Sports-Related Injuries

    Sports-Related Injuries Most sports injuries are due to either trauma or overuse of muscles or joints. The majority are caused by minor trauma involving muscles, ligaments, or tendons including: Cont...

  • Statistics of Disability

    Statistics of Disability According to the U.S. Department of Commerce, a person has a disability when he or she has difficulty with any of the following: Normal body functions, such as seeing, hearin...

  • Stroke

    Stroke What is stroke? Stroke, also called brain attack, occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted. Disruption in blood flow is caused when either a blood clot blocks one of the vital blood ve...

  • Vocational Counselor

    Vocational Counselor What is a vocational counselor? Vocational rehabilitation counselors assist people with disabilities in planning careers, and finding and keeping satisfying jobs. They evaluate t...