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Adolescent Medicine

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  • Acne in Children

    Acne in Children What is acne? Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. With acne, the sebaceous glands are clogged, which leads to pimples and cysts. Acne is very common - near...

  • Adjustment Disorders

    Adjustment Disorders What is an adjustment disorder? An adjustment disorder is defined as an emotional or behavioral reaction to an identifiable stressful event or change in a person's life that is c...

  • Adolescent Growth and Development

    Adolescent Growth and Development As your adolescent grows and develops from childhood into adulthood, many considerations regarding his or her growth and maturation must be taken into account. Liste...

  • Adolescent Health Problems and Injuries

    Adolescent Health Problems and Injuries Listed in the directory below, you will find additional information regarding adolescent health problems and injuries, for which we have provided a brief overv...

  • Adolescent Mental Health

    Adolescent Mental Health There are many different mental health problems affecting adolescents that require the clinical care of a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed in the directory ...

  • Adolescents and Diabetes

    Adolescents and Diabetes What is diabetes? Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by a failure to secrete enough insulin, or, in some cases, the failure of the cells to respond appropriately ...

  • Amenorrhea in Teens

    Amenorrhea in Teens What is amenorrhea? Amenorrhea is a menstrual condition characterized by absent menstrual periods for more than three monthly menstrual cycles. Amenorrhea may be classified as pri...

  • Anatomy of the Breasts

    Anatomy of the Breasts Click Image to Enlarge Each breast has 15 to 20 sections, called lobes , that are arranged like the petals of a daisy. Each lobe has many smaller lobules , which end in dozens o...

  • Anatomy of the Female Pelvic Area

    Anatomy of the Female Pelvic Area Click Image to Enlarge Endometrium-- the lining of the uterus Uterus-- also called the womb, the uterus is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abd...

  • Anorexia Nervosa in Children

    Anorexia Nervosa in Children What is anorexia nervosa? Anorexia nervosa (AN), a form of self-starvation, is an eating disorder characterized by low body weight, a distorted body image, amenorrhea (ab...

  • Behavior Disorders

    Behavior Disorders Behavior disorders (sometimes referred to as disruptive behavior disorders) are the most common reasons children are referred for mental health evaluations and treatment. Many type...

  • Breast Conditions

    Breast Conditions Potential breast conditions in young women: A young woman may experience a number of changes in her breasts during puberty and adolescence as she becomes an adult. Some breast chang...

  • Breast Self-Examination

    Breast Self-Examination What is a breast self-examination (BSE)? BSE is when a woman physically and visually examines herself for any changes in her breasts and underarm areas. The U.S. Preventive Se...

  • Bulimia Nervosa in Adolescents

    Bulimia Nervosa in Adolescents What is bulimia nervosa? Bulimia nervosa, usually referred to as bulimia, is defined as uncontrolled episodes of overeating (bingeing), usually followed by purging (sel...

  • Care of the Uncircumcised Penis

    Care of the Uncircumcised Penis The penis, the outer reproductive organ of the male, consists of two parts--the shaft and the glans. The glans is the tip of the penis, while the shaft is the main par...

  • Cognitive Development

    Cognitive Development What is cognitive development? Cognitive development refers to the development of the ability to think and reason. Children (6 to 12 years old) develop the ability to think in c...

  • Conduct Disorder

    Conduct Disorder What is conduct disorder (CD)? Conduct disorder is a behavior disorder, sometimes diagnosed in childhood, that is characterized by antisocial behaviors which violate the rights of ot...

  • Determining Body Mass Index for Teens

    Determining Body Mass Index for Teens What is body mass index? Determining how much your adolescent should weigh is not a simple matter of looking at an insurance height-weight chart, but includes co...

  • Dysmenorrhea in Adolescents

    Dysmenorrhea in Adolescents What is dysmenorrhea? Dysmenorrhea is a menstrual condition characterized by severe and frequent menstrual cramps and pain associated with menstruation. Dysmenorrhea may b...

  • Dysthymia in Children

    Dysthymia in Children What is dysthymia? Dysthymia, also known as dysthymic disorder, is classified as a type of affective disorder (also called mood disorder) that often resembles a less severe, yet...

  • Eating Disorders in Children

    Eating Disorders in Children The term eating disorders refers to a variety of disorders. The common feature of all the eating disorders is abnormal eating behaviors. Eating disorders are serious ment...

  • Exercise and Adolescents

    Exercise and Adolescents Exercise is an important part of keeping adolescents healthy. Encouraging healthy lifestyles in children and adolescents is important for when they grow older. Lifestyles tha...

  • Eye Care/Avoiding Eye Injuries

    Eye Care/Avoiding Eye Injuries How to prevent eye injuries Eye injuries affect more than 2.5 million people every year, yet 90 percent of these injuries are preventable with the use of appropriate sa...

  • Female Physical Development

    Female Physical Development As a female matures from a young girl into a woman, many important things must be considered regarding her health and development. Listed in the directory below are some, ...

  • Firearm Safety and Adolescents

    Firearm Safety and Adolescents Adolescents and firearms can be a volatile mix. Driven by curiosity and impulse, access to firearms can have tragic results among the adolescent population. Unintention...

  • Glossary - Adolescent Medicine

    Glossary - Adolescent Medicine | A | | B | | C | | D | | E | | F | | G | | H | | I | | J | | K | | L | | M | | N | | O | | P | | Q | | R | | S | | T | | U | | V | | W | | X | | Y | | Z | A [back to t...

  • Gynecological and Menstrual Conditions

    Gynecological and Menstrual Conditions Adolescence is a time of many changes. As girls grow into young women and become physically and sexually mature, they need additional care from health care prov...

  • Healthy Eating During Adolescence

    Healthy Eating During Adolescence What is healthy eating? Eating healthy is an important part of a healthy lifestyle and is something that should be taught at a young age. The following are some gene...

  • Healthy Lifestyles

    Healthy Lifestyles Healthy lifestyles include healthy eating and exercise. Encouraging healthy lifestyles in children is important as they prepare for adolescence and adulthood. Lifestyles that are l...

  • High Blood Pressure in Teens

    High Blood Pressure in Teens What is blood pressure? Blood pressure, measured with a blood pressure cuff and stethoscope by a nurse or other health care provider, is the force of the blood pushing ag...

  • Home Page - Adolescent Medicine

    Topic Index Adolescent Growth and Development Cognitive Development Relationship Development Adolescent Health Problems and Injuries Adolescent Mental Health Healthy Lifestyles Safety and Injury Prev...

  • Infectious Mononucleosis in Adolescents

    Infectious Mononucleosis in Adolescents What is infectious mononucleosis? Infectious mononucleosis, also known as mononucleosis, "mono," glandular fever, or sometimes the "kissing disease," is charac...

  • Major Depression in Children

    Major Depression in Children What is major depression? Major depression, also known as clinical depression or unipolar depression, is classified as a type of affective disorder (also called mood diso...

  • Male Physical Development

    Male Physical Development As a male matures from a young boy into a man, there are many important things to consider regarding his health and development. Listed in the directory below are some, for ...

  • Manic Depression/Bipolar Disorder in Adolescents

    Manic Depression/Bipolar Disorder in Adolescents What is manic depression? Manic depression, also known as bipolar disorder, is classified as a type of affective disorder (also called mood disorder) ...

  • Menstrual Disorders

    Menstrual Disorders Many menstrual conditions affect adolescent females and require the clinical care of a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for whi...

  • Mood Disorders in Children and Adolescents

    Mood Disorders in Children and Adolescents Many different mood disorders affecting children and adolescents require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the direc...

  • Mouthguards

    Mouthguards The importance of mouthguards To protect the mouth and teeth from serious injury, a mouthguard, usually a flexible piece of plastic that fits into the mouth, should be worn during all rec...

  • Normal Breast Development

    Normal Breast Development What is normal breast development? Breast development is a vital part of puberty in the human female. Unlike other mammals, however, human females are the only ones who deve...

  • Normal Growth

    Normal Growth What is considered a normal growth rate? Growth involves not only the length and weight of a body, but also includes internal growth and development. Normal growth is categorized in a r...

  • Obesity in Adolescents

    Obesity in Adolescents What is obesity? Overweight and obesity together represent the second leading preventable cause of death in the United States. Obesity is a serious, chronic disease that can in...

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children

    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children What is obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)? Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder in which a person has an unreasonable thought, fear, or wor...

  • Online Resources - Adolescent Medicine

    Online Resources - Adolescent Medicine This Web was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medic...

  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder

    Oppositional Defiant Disorder What is oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)? Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a behavior disorder, usually diagnosed in childhood, that is characterized by uncoope...

  • Oral Health

    Oral Health Many different oral and dental conditions affect adolescents and require the clinical care of a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for wh...

  • Orthodontics/Braces for Children

    Orthodontics/Braces for Children What is orthodontics? Orthodontics is the dental specialty that focuses on the development, prevention, and correction of irregularities of the teeth, bite, and jaws....

  • Orthopedic Problems

    Orthopedic Problems There are many different orthopedic problems that can affect adolescents and require the clinical care of a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed in the directory bel...

  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease

    Osgood-Schlatter Disease What is Osgood-Schlatter disease? Osgood-Schlatter disease is an overuse condition or injury of the knee that causes pain and swelling below the knee area over the shin bone ...

  • Overview of Adolescent Health Problems

    Overview of Adolescent Health Problems Physical health problems occurring during adolescence can often complicate adolescent development. Illness, injury, medical treatments, hospitalization, and sur...

  • Overview of the Male Anatomy

    Overview of the Male Anatomy The following is an overview of the male reproductive anatomy: Click Image to Enlarge Anus. The opening at the end of the digestive tract where bowel contents leave the b...

  • Pap Test for Adolescents

    Pap Test for Adolescents In the past, a Pap test to screen for cervical cancer was recommended for adolescents after they had been sexually active for three years, or at age 21, whichever came first....

  • Periodontal Disease

    Periodontal Disease What are periodontal diseases? The word periodontal literally means around the tooth . Periodontal diseases, also called gum diseases, are serious bacterial infections that destro...

  • Phobias in Children and Adolescents

    Phobias in Children and Adolescents What is a phobia? A phobia is an identifiable and persistent fear that is excessive or unreasonable and is triggered by the presence or anticipation of a specific ...

  • Physical Examination: Adolescent Male

    Physical Examination: Adolescent Male What happens during a physical examination? A physical examination is an important aspect of staying healthy. Physicals should be performed yearly and often for ...

  • Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

    Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) What is premenstrual syndrome? Most women experience some unpleasant or uncomfortable symptoms during their menstrual cycle. For some women, the symptoms are significant, ...

  • Psychological Complications of Chronic Illness

    Psychological Complications of Chronic Illness Adolescence, alone, is a stressful developmental process even for physically healthy teens. Chronic illness occurring during adolescence further complic...

  • Puberty: Adolescent Female

    Puberty: Adolescent Female How much will my adolescent grow? The teenage years are also called adolescence. During this time, the teenager will see the greatest amount of growth in height and weight....

  • Puberty: Adolescent Male

    Puberty: Adolescent Male How much will my adolescent grow? The teenage years are also called adolescence. During this time, the teenager will see the greatest amount of growth in height and weight. A...

  • Recognizing Urologic or Gynecologic Problems

    Recognizing Urologic or Gynecologic Problems Signs and symptoms that may require medical attention There are many different gynecological problems that could occur during adolescence. Mothers should ...

  • Relationship Development

    Relationship Development Relationship development that occurs during adolescence Changes in adolescent physical and cognitive development are also accompanied by major changes in an adolescent's rela...

  • Safer Sex Guidelines for Adolescents

    Safer Sex Guidelines for Adolescents What is "safe" sex? The only safe sex is no sex, according to most health care providers. Abstinence may be the only true form of "safe" sex, as all forms of sexu...

  • Safety and Injury Prevention for Teens

    Safety and Injury Prevention for Teens Unintentional injury sends thousands of children and adolescents seeking emergency medical care each day. With proper education, improvements to the environment...

  • Schizophrenia in Children

    Schizophrenia in Children What is schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is one of the most complex of all mental health disorders. It is a severe, chronic, and disabling disturbance of the brain that causes d...

  • Scoliosis in Children

    Scoliosis in Children What is scoliosis? Click Image to Enlarge A normal spine, when viewed from behind, appears straight. However, a spine affected by scoliosis shows evidence of a lateral, or side-...

  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Adolescents

    Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Adolescents What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)? Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infectious diseases transmitted through sexual contact. The Center...

  • Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

    Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis What is slipped capital femoral epiphysis? Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a condition of the hip joint that affects children. In SCFE, the head, or "bal...

  • Smoking

    Smoking According to the American Heart Association, diseases caused by smoking kill more than 440,000 people in the United States each year; of that number, more than 135,000 deaths are cardiovascul...

  • Sports Injuries Statistics

    Sports Injuries Statistics How frequently do sports injuries occur? In the U.S., about 30 million children and teens participate in some form of organized sports. More than 3.5 million injuries each ...

  • Sports Safety for Teens

    Sports Safety for Teens Participating in sports is great for teens both physically and psychologically. Sports can increase an adolescent's physical coordination, fitness, and self-esteem. In additio...

  • Sprains and Strains in Children

    Sprains and Strains in Children The majority of sports injuries are caused by minor trauma involving muscles, ligaments, and/or tendons, including: Contusions (bruises) Sprains Strains The most commo...

  • Teen Suicide

    Teen Suicide What is suicidal behavior? Suicidal behavior is defined as a preoccupation or act that is focused on causing one's own death voluntarily. An intent to cause one's death is essential in t...

  • Teenage Drivers

    Teenage Drivers According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the leading cause of death among 16- to 20-year-olds is motor vehicle-related crashes. Statistics related to teenage driving Con...

  • Tennis Elbow

    Tennis Elbow What is tennis elbow? Tennis elbow is a repetitive stress injury of the elbow that occurs when the muscles and tendons in the elbow area are torn or damaged. What causes tennis elbow? Ten...

  • The Menstrual Cycle: An Overview

    The Menstrual Cycle: An Overview Click Image to Enlarge What is ovulation? When a young woman reaches puberty, she begins to ovulate - a process in which a mature egg cell (also called an ovum), read...

  • Topic Index - Adolescent Medicine

    Topic Index - Adolescent Medicine Adolescent Medicine Home Adolescent Growth and Development Normal Growth Female Physical Development Anatomy of the Breasts Normal Breast Development Anatomy of the ...

  • Vaginitis

    Vaginitis What is vaginitis? Click Image to Enlarge Vaginitis refers to any inflammation or infection of the vagina. This is a common gynecological problem found in women of all ages, with one-third ...

  • Vulvitis

    Vulvitis What is vulvitis? Click Image to Enlarge Vulvitis is simply an inflammation of the vulva, the soft folds of skin outside the vagina. This is not a condition, but rather a symptom that result...

  • Water Safety and Teens

    Water Safety and Teens If children and adolescents are around bodies of water on a regular basis, it benefits parents to learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), which, in case of an emergency, can...

  • Weight Management and Adolescents

    Weight Management Facts about obesity According to the National Center for Health Statistics, about 20 percent of children ages 6 to 11 in the United States are considered overweight and 18 percent o...

  • Work and Pregnancy

    Work and Pregnancy Guidelines for working during pregnancy Many women work during pregnancy without any complications. Being able to work safely, in some cases, until the day of delivery depends on t...