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Pediatric Library

Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology

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  • 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome

    22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome What is 22q11.2 deletion syndrome? 22q11.2 deletion syndrome is a genetic disorder with varying conditions present in each individual with the syndrome. In this syndrome, a ...

  • All About Allergies in Children

    All About Allergies in Children What are allergies? Allergies are physiological reactions caused when the immune system reacts to a specific foreign substance (allergen) that has been inhaled, touche...

  • All About Asthma in Children

    All About Asthma in Children What is asthma? Asthma is a chronic, inflammatory disease in which the airways become sensitive to allergens (any substance that triggers an allergic reaction). Several t...

  • All About the Immune System

    All About the Immune System What is the immune system? The purpose of the immune system is to keep infectious microorganisms, such as certain bacteria, viruses, and fungi, out of the body, and to des...

  • Allergic Rhinitis

    Allergic Rhinitis What is allergic rhinitis? Rhinitis is a reaction that occurs in the nose when airborne irritants (allergens) trigger the release of histamine. Histamine causes itching, inflammatio...

  • Allergy

    Allergy There are many things to consider when a child is affected by allergies. Listed in the directory below are some of these considerations, for which we have provided a brief overview. All About...

  • Anaphylaxis

    Anaphylaxis What is anaphylaxis? Anaphylaxis, also called anaphylactic shock, is a severe and sometimes life-threatening reaction to an allergen. (The items that your child is allergic to are called ...

  • Animals

    Animals What is an animal allergen? Allergens found in animals are a common cause of allergic reactions in children. They are caused by the protein found in an animal's: Skin Dander Saliva Urine Hous...

  • Asthma and Children

    Asthma and Children What causes childhood asthma? The majority of children with asthma have allergies. Even exposure to low-grade allergens (those that don't cause significant allergic reactions) may...

  • Asthma Attack Triggers

    Asthma Attack Triggers What are the triggers that can cause an asthma attack? According to the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Imm...

  • Asthma in Children Index

    Asthma in Children Index Asthma is considered a chronic respiratory disorder that requires clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below is some additi...

  • Asthma Medications

    Asthma Medications What medications are commonly used for children with asthma? The use of medications in children is highly individualized, based on the severity of the child's symptoms, the age of ...

  • Atopic Dermatitis in Children

    Atopic Dermatitis in Children What is atopic dermatitis? Atopic dermatitis, also called eczema, is a skin disorder that usually appears in babies or very young children, and may last until the child ...

  • Avoiding Asthma Triggers

    Avoiding Asthma Triggers How to avoid asthma triggers Many things can trigger an asthma episode, including the following: Upper respiratory infections Allergies to dust mites, pollens, animal dander,...

  • Cold vs. Allergy: How Do I Know the Difference?

    Cold vs. Allergy: How Do I Know the Difference? Symptoms Allergy Cold Stuffy or runny nose Often Often Sneezing Often Often Itchy eyes Often Rarely, never Fever Never Often Aches and pains Never Some...

  • Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVID)

    Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVID) What is common variable immunodeficiency (CVID)? CVID is an immunodeficiency disorder characterized by a low level of antibodies and a decreased responsiveness...

  • Conjunctivitis

    Conjunctivitis What is conjunctivitis? Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye , is an inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye. The conjunctiva is the membrane that lines the inside of the eye and ...

  • Contact Dermatitis in Children

    Contact Dermatitis in Children What is contact dermatitis? Contact dermatitis is a physiological reaction that occurs after skin comes in contact with certain substances. Irritants to the skin cause ...

  • Diagnostic Procedures for Allergy in Children

    Diagnostic Procedures for Allergy in Children Diagnostic tests for allergy may include any or all of the following: Skin tests. The skin test is a very accurate test that measures your child's level ...

  • During an Asthma Attack

    During an Asthma Attack What happens during an asthma attack? Children with asthma have acute episodes when the air passages in their lungs become narrower, and breathing becomes more difficult. Thes...

  • Dust Mites

    Dust Mites What is a dust mite allergen? Dust mites are microscopic organisms that can live throughout homes and schools. The mites and their waste products thrive in the following: Bedding and pillo...

  • Egg Allergy Diet for Children

    Egg Allergy Diet for Children General guidelines for egg allergy The key to an allergy-free diet is to avoid feeding your child the foods or products containing the food to which he or she is allergi...

  • Food Allergies in Children

    Food Allergies in Children What is food allergy? A food allergy is an abnormal response of the body to a certain food. It is important to know that this is different than a food intolerance, which do...

  • Glossary - Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology

    Glossary - Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology | A | | B | | C | | D | | E | | F | | G | | H | | I | | J | | K | | L | | M | | N | | O | | P | | Q | | R | | S | | T | | U | | V | | W | | X | | Y | | Z | ...

  • Hand-Held Nebulizer Treatments

    Hand-Held Nebulizer Treatments A nebulizer is a type of inhaler that sprays a fine, liquid mist of medication, commonly used in younger children who cannot use a metered dose inhaler. The device cons...

  • Home Page - Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology

    Topic Index Allergy Asthma Immune Disorders Glossary Allergy and asthma are among the most common heath problems, with more than 60 million people afflicted with asthma, seasonal hay fever, or other ...

  • Immune Deficiencies

    Immune Deficiencies Many different immune system deficiencies require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provide...

  • Immune Disorders

    Immune Disorders Many different immune disorders require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief ove...

  • Insect Stings and Allergic Reactions

    Insect Stings and Allergic Reactions Avoiding insect stings may not always be possible. However, knowing how to respond should your child experience an allergic reaction from an insect sting, could p...

  • Lactose Intolerance in Children

    Lactose Intolerance in Children What is lactose intolerance? Lactose intolerance is a condition caused by a lack of an enzyme called lactase. Inadequate amounts of lactase cause the body to be unable...

  • Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

    Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Langerhans cell histiocytosis, also called histiocytosis X, is a condition in which the level of a type of immune cell, called a Langerhans cell, is abnormally high. Whi...

  • Latex Allergy in Children

    Latex Allergy in Children What is a latex allergy? Natural rubber latex, a milky fluid found in rubber trees, has a contaminating protein in the rubber that causes allergic reactions, not with the ru...

  • Levels of Asthma

    Levels of Asthma What are the different levels of asthma? As determined by the National Institutes of Health, the following is a guideline used by doctors to help determine the extent of asthma in yo...

  • Management and Treatment of Asthma

    Management and Treatment of Asthma Treatment for asthma Specific treatments for asthma will be determined by your child's doctor based on: Your child's age, overall health, and medical history Extent...

  • Milk Allergy Diet for Children

    Milk Allergy Diet for Children General guidelines for milk allergy The key to an allergy-free diet is to avoid giving your child the foods or products containing the food to which he or she is allerg...

  • Mold

    Mold What is mold? Mold is a member of the fungus family. It is a branching-type of growth called hyphae. It is rarely destroyed by heat or cold exposure, but remains dormant until a particular seaso...

  • Peak Flow Meters/Oximeters/Spirometers

    Peak Flow Meters/Oximeters/Spirometers What is a peak flow meter? A peak flow meter (PFM) is a device used to measure how well your child's asthma is under control. The device measures air flowing ou...

  • Peanut Allergy Diet for Children

    Peanut Allergy Diet for Children General guidelines for peanut allergy The key to an allergy-free diet is to avoid giving your child the foods or products containing the food to which he or she is al...

  • Poison Ivy / Poison Oak and Children

    Poison Ivy / Poison Oak and Children What is poison ivy/poison oak? There are three native American plants that collectively may be called poison ivy: Poison ivy Poison oak Poison sumac These plants ...

  • Pollen and Children

    Pollen and Children What is pollen? Pollen is the cells of flowering plants, including trees, grasses, and weeds. Pollen is microscopic in size. Pollen is the most common cause of seasonal allergic r...

  • Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID)

    Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) What is SCID? SCID is a group of very rare, life-threatening diseases that are present at birth. The disease causes the child to have very little or no immune ...

  • Shellfish Allergy Diet for Children

    Shellfish Allergy Diet for Children General guidelines for shellfish allergy The key to an allergy-free diet is to avoid giving your child the foods or products containing the food to which he or she...

  • Soy Allergy Diet for Children

    Soy Allergy Diet for Children General guidelines for soy allergy The key to an allergy-free diet is to avoid giving your child the foods or products containing the food to which he/she is allergic. T...

  • Symptomatic Conditions of Allergy in Children

    Symptomatic Conditions of Allergy in Children Many different symptomatic conditions of an allergic reaction require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the direc...

  • Topic Index - Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology

    Topic Index - Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology Home Allergy All About Allergy Types of Allergens Animals Dust Mites Foods Egg Allergy Diet Lactose Intolerance Milk Alle...

  • Treatment for a Child's Allergy

    Treatment for a Child's Allergy Specific treatment for allergies will be determined by your child's doctor based on the following: Your child's age, overall health, and medical history Severity of th...

  • Tree Nut Allergy Diet for Children

    Tree Nut Allergy Diet for Children General guidelines for tree nut allergy The key to an allergy-free diet is to avoid giving your child the foods or products containing the food to which he or she i...

  • Types of Allergens

    Types of Allergens Many different types of allergens can trigger an allergic reaction, requiring clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some...

  • Urticaria/Hives in Children

    Urticaria/Hives in Children What is urticaria? Urticaria, or hives, is a condition in which red, itchy, and swollen areas appear on the skin--usually as an allergic reaction from eating certain foods...

  • Wheat Allergy Diet for Children

    Wheat Allergy Diet for Children General guidelines for wheat allergy The key to an allergy-free diet is to avoid giving your child the foods or products containing the food to which he or she is alle...

  • X-linked Agammaglobulinemia

    X-linked Agammaglobulinemia What is X-linked agammaglobulinemia? X-linked agammaglobulinemia, also called Bruton's agammaglobulinemia or congenital agammaglobulinemia, was the first immunodeficiency ...