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Pediatric Library

Common Childhood Injuries and Poisonings

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  • Abrasions

    Abrasions What is an abrasion? An abrasion is a superficial rub or wearing off of the skin, usually caused by a scrape or a "brush burn." Abrasions are usually minor injuries that can be treated at h...

  • Accident Statistics

    Accident Statistics Injuries are a major source of childhood emergency department and hospital admissions. The most recent accident statistics from the National Safety Council, the National Center fo...

  • Anatomy of the Eye

    Anatomy of the Eye Click Image to Enlarge Click Image to Enlarge Anterior chamber - the front section of the eye's interior where aqueous humor flows in and out, providing nourishment to the eye and ...

  • Animal Bites

    Animal Bites Animal bites, if severe, can be a life-threatening emergency that requires clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below is some additiona...

  • Avoiding Eye Injuries in Children

    Avoiding Eye Injuries in Children How to prevent eye injuries Eye injuries affect more than 2.5 million people every year, yet 90 percent of these injuries are preventable with the use of appropriate...

  • Bites and Stings

    Bites and Stings Regardless of how careful you are about animals in your home, or how many precautions you take when your child is outdoors playing, animal and insect bites and stings may occur. By r...

  • Blisters in Children

    Blisters in Children What is a blister? A blister is a bump on the skin containing fluid. Blisters are usually circular in shape. The fluid that forms underneath the skin can be bloody or clear. What...

  • Bruises

    Bruises What is a bruise? A bruise is a collection of blood underneath the skin that is caused by trauma to an area of the body. Sometimes, enough bleeding occurs so that a lump also forms (this lump...

  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in Children

    Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in Children Over 25 children 14 years old and younger die from unintentional carbon monoxide poisoning each year, according to SafeKids USA. Carbon monoxide poisoning is the...

  • Cat Scratch Disease in Children

    Cat Scratch Disease in Children Cat scratches and bites can cause cat scratch disease, a bacterial infection carried in cat saliva. The bacteria are passed from a cat to a human after the cat licks i...

  • Chemical Burns of the Eye

    Chemical Burns of the Eye What are chemical burns? Chemical burns occur when a child gets any type of chemical in his/her eye. This is a medical emergency, and the child should receive immediate medi...

  • Childproof Your Home for Poisons

    Childproof Your Home for Poisons Young children are curious and like to put things in their mouth. Ordinary products used by adults each day around the home can become dangerous poisons in the hands ...

  • Children and Fleas, Mites, and Chiggers

    Children and Fleas, Mites, and Chiggers Fleas, mites, and chiggers often bite humans, but are not poisonous. It is sometimes difficult to assess which type of insect caused the bite, or if the rash i...

  • Corneal Abrasions

    Corneal Abrasions What is a corneal abrasion? A corneal abrasion is a scratch or injury to the cornea, the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. This is a very common occurrenc...

  • Cuts and Wounds of the External Ear

    Cuts and Wounds of the External Ear Children may get minor cuts, wounds, and lacerations to the external (outer part) ear while playing, climbing, or during sports activities. Most of these injuries ...

  • Cuts and Wounds of the Face

    Cuts and Wounds of the Face Children may get minor cuts, wounds, and lacerations to the face while playing, climbing, or during sports activities. Most of these injuries can be handled at home with s...

  • Cuts and Wounds of the Mouth and Lips

    Cuts and Wounds of the Mouth and Lips Children often get minor cuts, wounds, and lacerations to the mouth and lips while playing, climbing, or during sports activities. Most of these injuries can be ...

  • Cuts and Wounds of the Nose

    Cuts and Wounds of the Nose Children may get minor cuts, wounds, and lacerations to the external (outside part) nose while playing, climbing, or during sports activities. Most of these injuries can b...

  • Emergency Contact Information

    Emergency Contact Information In an emergency, it is easy to "forget" even the most well-known information. That is why it is crucial for you to complete the information in this form for each member ...

  • Eye Trauma

    Eye Trauma Eye trauma refers to any injury to the eye. It is a regular event in children and a common cause of loss of vision. Many different types of eye trauma require clinical care by a physician ...

  • Eyelid Lacerations

    Eyelid Lacerations What are eyelid lacerations? Eyelid lacerations are cuts to the eyelid caused by trauma. Your child's physician will examine the eye closely to make sure there is no damage to the ...

  • Facts About Animal Bites

    Facts About Animal Bites All animal bites require treatment based on the type and severity of the wound. Whether the bite is from a family pet or an animal in the wild, scratches and bites can become...

  • Facts About Burn Injury

    Facts About Burn Injury According to the latest data available from the National SAFE KIDS Campaign, consider the following statistics: Accidental, or unintentional, injury is a leading cause of deat...

  • Facts About Poisons

    Facts About Poisons Children are naturally inquisitive and love to explore their world. Infants tend to put everything in their mouths and toddlers grab whatever looks interesting. Adolescents may ex...

  • First Aid for Poisonings

    First Aid for Poisonings Sometimes accidental poisonings can be treated in the home following the direction of a poison control center or your child's physician. At other times, emergency medical car...

  • First-Aid Kit

    First-Aid Kit Everyone should have a well-stocked first-aid kit at home, in the car, and in the workplace. You may also want to stock a portable kit (a box or small bag) that can be taken to the site...

  • Foreign Bodies in the Ear, Nose, and Airway

    Foreign Bodies in the Ear, Nose, and Airway Foreign bodies in the ear, nose, and breathing tract (airway) sometimes occur in children. Foreign bodies refer to any object that is placed in the ear, no...

  • Foreign Bodies in the Eye

    Foreign Bodies in the Eye What are foreign bodies? Foreign bodies refer to any objects in the eye that are not meant to be there. The foreign object may be in the conjunctiva (a thin membrane that co...

  • Fractures of the Orbit

    Fractures of the Orbit What are fractures of the orbit? When one or more bones surrounding the eye are broken, the condition is called orbital fracture. The orbit is the bony structure around the eye...

  • Frostbite in Children

    Frostbite in Children What is frostbite? Frostbite is damage to the skin from freezing and is due to prolonged exposure to cold temperatures, usually below 32 degrees F. It occurs when ice crystals f...

  • Household Safety Checklist

    Household Safety Checklist In order to protect you and your family, a thorough safety check of every room in your home should be conducted on a regular basis. Unintentional accidents, injuries, and n...

  • Human Bites

    Human Bites Human bites can easily become infected because of the number of bacteria in the human mouth. In fact, human bite wounds are more likely to become infected than dog or cat bites. A health ...

  • Injuries to the Teeth

    Injuries to the Teeth Injuries to the teeth in children can occur from falls or during play or sports activities. The injury may be to a primary (baby) tooth or a permanent tooth. A tooth can be crac...

  • Insect Bites and Children

    Insect Bites and Children Regardless of how careful you are about animals in your home, or how many precautions you take when your child is outside playing, animal and insect bites and stings are som...

  • Insect Stings

    Insect Stings Facts about insect stings Bees, wasps, yellow jackets, and hornets belong to a class of insects called Hymenoptera. Most insect stings cause only minor discomfort. Stings can occur anyw...

  • Insects in the Ear

    Insects in the Ear Insects may fly into the ear and become trapped when a child is playing outdoors. Sometimes, the insect dies after entering the ear; other times, it may remain alive and attempt to...

  • Lacerations With Stitches

    Lacerations With Stitches What is a laceration? A laceration is tear or opening in the skin caused by an injury. Lacerations may be small, and need only minor treatment at home, or may be large enoug...

  • Lacerations Without Stitches

    Lacerations Without Stitches What is a laceration? A laceration is tear or opening in the skin caused by an injury. Lacerations may be small, and need only minor treatment at home, or may be large en...

  • Lead Poisoning in Children

    Lead Poisoning in Children Facts about lead exposure Lead poisoning is a totally preventable disease. Lead exposure can harm young children and babies--even before they are born. Even children that s...

  • Lyme Disease in Children

    Lyme Disease in Children What is Lyme disease? Lyme disease (LD) is a multi-stage, multi-system bacterial infection caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, a spiral shaped bacterium that is mo...

  • Minor Cuts, Scrapes, and Skin Wounds

    Minor Cuts, Scrapes, and Skin Wounds Listed in the directory below is some additional information about minor cuts, scrapes, and skin wounds, for which we have provided a brief overview. Minor Injuri...

  • Minor Injuries Overview

    Minor Injuries Overview Children's days are filled with running, jumping, bicycling, sports, and other fun activities that keep them active and "on-the-go" from morning until night. Along with the fu...

  • Minor Problem vs. a True Emergency

    Minor Problem vs. a True Emergency Many minor injuries can be handled at home. However, there are times when a trip to the hospital emergency department is needed. In general, take your child to an e...

  • Muscle and Joint Injuries

    Muscle and Joint Injuries Children often injure muscles and joints while running, playing, climbing, or during sports activities. A sprain occurs when ligaments, the bands of tissue that hold bones t...

  • Mushroom Poisoning in Children

    Mushroom Poisoning in Children Facts about poisonous mushrooms There are thousands of varieties of mushrooms in North America, but only about 100 are poisonous and can be dangerous if eaten by humans...

  • Nosebleeds

    Nosebleeds Nosebleeds can be a scary occurrence, but are usually not dangerous. The medical term for nosebleed is epistaxis. They are fairly common in children, especially in dry climates or during t...

  • Nursemaid's Elbow

    Nursemaid's Elbow What is nursemaid's elbow? Nursemaid's elbow occurs when the radius (one of the bones in the forearm) slips out of place from where it normally attaches to the elbow joint. It is a ...

  • Poisons and Children

    Poisons and Children Many poisonous substances can potentially turn fatal if inhaled, digested, or absorbed by the body. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief ove...

  • Preventing Injuries--How You Can Help Your Child

    Preventing Injuries--How You Can Help Your Child You can help your child by being prepared and preventing injuries from occurring. It is important to take charge of your child's health and follow a p...

  • Puncture Wounds

    Puncture Wounds What is a puncture wound? A puncture wound is a deep wound made by a sharp object such as a nail or a jagged piece of metal or wood. Puncture wounds may be small in diameter and not s...

  • Rabies in Children

    Rabies in Children What is rabies? Rabies is a viral infection of certain warm-blooded animals and is caused by a virus in the Rhabdoviridae family. It attacks the nervous system and, once symptoms d...

  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever in Children

    Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) in Children What is Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever? Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) is an infection caused by the bite of an infected tick. In recent years it ha...

  • Small Cuts and Scrapes

    Small Cuts and Scrapes Small cuts and scrapes are often viewed as part of childhood and growing up. Most cuts and scrapes are minor injuries that can be treated at home. The skin opening may bleed or...

  • Snake Bites and Children

    Snake Bites and Children Facts about snake bites Each year, approximately 8,000 people receive bites from venomous snakes in the United States, mostly between April and October. Even a bite from a no...

  • Spider Bites in Children

    Spider Bites in Children Facts about spider bites All of the 3,000 species of spiders found in the United States are poisonous; however, their fangs are either too short or too fragile to break throu...

  • Splinters

    Splinters What is a splinter? A splinter is a sharp sliver of wood, glass, or other debris that is lodged underneath the skin. Removal of small, superficial splinters can usually be done at home. Fir...

  • Sprains and Strains in Children

    Sprains and Strains in Children The majority of sports injuries are caused by minor trauma involving muscles, ligaments, and/or tendons, including: Contusions (bruises) Sprains Strains The most commo...

  • Sunburn and Children

    Sunburn and Children What is sunburn? Sunburn is a visible reaction of the skin's exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, the invisible rays that are part of sunlight. Ultraviolet rays can also cause...

  • Superficial Injuries Overview

    Superficial Injuries Overview In the course of a child's day, minor injuries may occur during play and sports activities. The face and head are especially at risk for cuts, scrapes, and lacerations b...

  • Superficial Injuries to the Face and Head

    Superficial Injuries to the Face and Head Many different superficial injuries may occur to the face and head that require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the...

  • Syrup of Ipecac

    Syrup of Ipecac What is syrup of ipecac? Syrup of ipecac is an emetic (an agent used to cause vomiting) made from the dried root of a plant called ipecacuanha, which is grown in Brazil. Guidelines re...

  • Tennis Elbow

    Tennis Elbow What is tennis elbow? Tennis elbow is a repetitive stress injury of the elbow that occurs when the muscles and tendons in the elbow area are torn or damaged. What causes tennis elbow? Ten...

  • Thermal Injuries

    Thermal Injuries Many different types of thermal injuries require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a bri...

  • Tick Bite Diseases

    Tick Bite Diseases Tick bite diseases require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below is some additional information about these diseases, for which...

  • Tick Bites

    Tick Bites Ticks are small insects that live in grass, bushes, wooded areas, and along seashores. They attach their bodies onto a human or animal host and prefer hairy areas such as the scalp, behind...

  • Treatment for Dog and Cat Bites and Scratches

    Treatment for Dog and Cat Bites and Scratches How to respond to dog or cat bites and scratches When your child is bitten or scratched by an animal, remain calm and reassure your child that you can he...

  • Why Children Bite

    Why Children Bite Although biting is fairly common in young children, it is often worrisome to adults. A family member, playmate, or classmate at daycare or preschool may be the one bitten. Biting ca...