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Diseases & Conditions   - Pediatric Library

Pediatric Library

Dental and Oral Health

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  • Adolescent Problems of the Teeth and Mouth

    Adolescent Problems of the Teeth and Mouth Many problems that may affect an adolescent's teeth and mouth require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the director...

  • Anatomy and Development of the Mouth and Teeth

    Anatomy and Development of the Mouth and Teeth Children's teeth begin developing in the fetus. Good nutrition from the mother during pregnancy is important in the development of the teeth. The mother...

  • Aphthous Stomatitis

    Aphthous Stomatitis What is aphthous stomatitis? Aphthous stomatitis is an illness that causes small ulcers to appear in the mouth, usually inside the lips, on the cheeks, or on the tongue. Aphthous ...

  • Brushing and Toothpaste for Children

    Brushing and Toothpaste for Children Brushing your child's teeth should begin at an early age, around 24 months, or as directed by your child's doctor or pediatric dentist. Children will need help br...

  • Cleft Lip/Cleft Palate

    Cleft Lip/Cleft Palate What are cleft lip and cleft palate? Cleft lip and cleft palate are birth abnormalities of the mouth and lip. In the United States, nearly 6,800 babies are born with oral-facia...

  • Dental Emergencies

    Dental Emergencies The following are some general guidelines to follow for common dental problems: If your child's baby tooth gets knocked out, apply pressure to the area if there is bleeding. Contac...

  • Dental Health Overview

    Dental Health Overview Most pediatric dentists will agree that regular dental care should begin by one year of age, with a dental check-up at least twice each consecutive year for most children. Some...

  • Dental Procedures for Children

    Dental Procedures for Children Many dental procedures are used to treat diseases and conditions of the teeth and mouth. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief over...

  • Fillings

    Fillings What are fillings? Teeth that have been affected by tooth decay (caries or cavities) might require a filling or other treatment. Advances in dental materials and techniques provide new, effe...

  • Flossing and Children

    Flossing and Children Flossing should be started when your child is around two to three years of age, under the direction of your child's dentist. Prior to this age, flossing is not necessary. Childr...

  • Fluoride and Children

    Fluoride and Children What is fluoride? The fluoride ion comes from the element fluorine. Fluoride, either applied topically to erupted teeth, or ingested orally (called systemic fluoride) during too...

  • Glossary - Dental and Oral Health

    Glossary - Dental and Oral Health | A | | B | | C | | D | | E | | F | | G | | H | | I | | J | | K | | L | | M | | N | | O | | P | | Q | | R | | S | | T | | U | | V | | W | | X | | Y | | Z | A [back t...

  • Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease

    Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease What is hand-foot-mouth disease? Hand-foot-mouth disease is an illness caused by a virus that results in a distinctive rash -- small, blisterlike bumps occur in the mouth, and...

  • Herpangina

    Herpangina What is herpangina? Herpangina is an illness caused by a virus, characterized by small blister-like bumps or ulcers that appear in the mouth, usually in the back of throat or the roof of t...

  • Herpes Simplex Virus/Cold Sores

    Herpes Simplex Virus/Cold Sores What are cold sores? Cold sores are small blisters around the mouth, caused by the herpes simplex virus. They are sometimes called "fever blisters." The most common st...

  • Home Page - Dental and Oral Health

    Topic Index Anatomy and Physiology of the Mouth and Teeth Oral Health and Dental Specialists Prevention of Oral Problems Cleft Lip/Cleft Palate Infant Problems of the Teeth and Mouth Toddler Problems...

  • Infant Problems of the Teeth and Mouth

    Infant Problems of the Teeth and Mouth Many problems that may affect an infant's teeth and mouth require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below ...

  • Malocclusion

    Malocclusion What is malocclusion? Malocclusion refers to any degree of irregular contact of the teeth of the upper jaw with the teeth of the lower jaw. This would include overbites, underbites, open...

  • Mouthguards

    Mouthguards The importance of mouthguards To protect the mouth and teeth from serious injury, a mouthguard, usually a flexible piece of plastic that fits into the mouth, should be worn during all rec...

  • Natal Teeth

    Natal Teeth What are natal teeth? Natal teeth are teeth that are present when the infant is born. About one in every 2,000 newborn infants have natal teeth. These are not the same as neonatal teeth t...

  • Nursing Bottle Caries

    Nursing Caries (Nursing Bottle Caries) What are nursing caries? Nursing caries is a form of tooth decay that is caused by children sleeping with bottles. This is also called baby bottle or nursing bo...

  • Online Resources - Dental and Oral Health

    Online Resources - Dental and Oral Health This Web was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professional me...

  • Oral Health and Dental Specialists

    Oral Health and Dental Specialists What is a general dentist (DDS or DMD)? Upon graduation from dental school -- to become a general dentist -- a dentist is awarded either a DDS or a DMD degree: DDS ...

  • Orthodontics/Braces for Children

    Orthodontics/Braces for Children What is orthodontics? Orthodontics is the dental specialty that focuses on the development, prevention, and correction of irregularities of the teeth, bite, and jaws....

  • Periodontal Disease

    Periodontal Disease What are periodontal diseases? The word periodontal literally means around the tooth . Periodontal diseases, also called gum diseases, are serious bacterial infections that destro...

  • Prevention of Oral Problems

    Prevention of Oral Problems With proper preventive care, such as regular checkups, brushing, flossing, fluoridation, and dental sealants, the risk of dental disease can greatly be reduced. Dental Hea...

  • Sealants

    Sealants What are dental sealants? Dental sealants are thin, plastic films bonded to the chewing surfaces of the back teeth - molars and premolars - and are highly effective in the prevention of toot...

  • Teething

    Teething What is teething? A baby's first tooth usually appears between the ages of five and seven months. Some babies get their first tooth a little earlier and others a little later. Often, the two...

  • Thrush or Candidiasis

    Thrush or Candidiasis What is candidiasis or thrush? Candidiasis (sometimes called moniliasis or a yeast infection) is an infection caused by yeast on the skin and mucous membranes. When the infectio...

  • Thumb Sucking

    Thumb Sucking Thumb sucking is one of the most common habits of children. The habit starts early in life, with 90 percent of newborns showing some form of hand sucking by two hours of age. Thumb suck...

  • Toddler Problems of the Teeth and Mouth

    Toddler Problems of the Teeth and Mouth Many problems that may affect a toddler's teeth and mouth require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below...

  • Tooth Decay (Caries or Cavities) in Children

    Tooth Decay (Caries or Cavities) in Children What is tooth decay (caries or cavities)? Tooth decay (destruction of tooth structure) is the disease known as caries or cavities. Tooth decay is one of t...

  • Toothache (Pulpitis)

    Toothache (Pulpitis) What is pulpitis or toothache? Toothaches are caused by an inflammation of the pulp inside the tooth. The pulp is part of the inside of the tooth that has tissue and nerves. A to...

  • Topic Index - Dental and Oral Health

    Topic Index - Dental and Oral Health Dental and Oral Health Home Anatomy and Development of the Mouth and Teeth Oral Health and Dental Specialists Prevention of Oral Problems Dental Health Overview B...

  • Wisdom Teeth Extraction in Children

    Wisdom Teeth Extraction in Children What are wisdom teeth? Also called third molars, wisdom teeth usually make their first appearance in young adults between the ages of 15 and 25. Usually, an initia...