• 530.541.3420 | 2170 South Avenue, S. Lake Tahoe, CA
Health

Diseases & Conditions   - Pediatric Library

Pediatric Library

Dermatology

Back

  • Bacterial Skin Infections in Children

    Bacterial Skin Infections in Children The skin is the body's first barrier against bacteria that cause infections. Even though many bacteria live on the surface of our skin, healthy skin can usually ...

  • Benign Skin Growths and Pigmentation Disorders

    Benign Skin Growths and Pigmentation Disorders Abnormal skin growths and abnormal pigmentation of the skin may be present at birth, or develop later in life. Many types of skin growths and pigmentati...

  • Birthmarks

    Birthmarks What are birthmarks? Birthmarks are areas of discolored and/or raised skin that are apparent at birth or within a few weeks of birth. Birthmarks are made up of malformed pigment cells or b...

  • Bites

    Bites Regardless of how careful you are about animals in your home, or how many precautions you take when your child is outdoors playing, animal and insect bites and stings may occur. By remaining ca...

  • Blisters in Children

    Blisters in Children What is a blister? A blister is a bump on the skin containing fluid. Blisters are usually circular in shape. The fluid that forms underneath the skin can be bloody or clear. What...

  • Burns in Children

    Burns in Children The latest data available from SAFE KIDS USA indicate the following: Accidental, or unintentional, injury is a leading cause of death among children, teens, and young adults. Leadin...

  • Candidiasis (Yeast Infection) in Children

    Candidiasis (Yeast Infection) in Children What is candidiasis? Candidiasis, sometimes called moniliasis or a yeast infection, is an infection caused by yeast on the skin and/or mucous membranes. Alth...

  • Cellulitis in Children

    Cellulitis in Children What is cellulitis? Cellulitis is a deep bacterial infection of the skin. The infection usually involves the face, or the arms and legs. It may happen in normal skin, but it us...

  • Chickenpox

    Chickenpox What is chickenpox? Chickenpox is a highly infectious disease that usually occurs during childhood. By adulthood, more than 90 percent of Americans have had chickenpox. Since the mid-1990s...

  • Children and Fleas, Mites, and Chiggers

    Children and Fleas, Mites, and Chiggers Fleas, mites, and chiggers often bite humans, but are not poisonous. It is sometimes difficult to assess which type of insect caused the bite, or if the rash i...

  • Children and Folliculitis, Boils, and Carbuncles

    Children and Folliculitis, Boils, and Carbuncles What are folliculitis, boils, and carbuncles? Folliculitis is the inflammation of hair follicles due to an infection, injury, or irritation. It is cha...

  • Common Skin Disorders in Children

    Common Skin Disorders in Children M any common skin disorders require the clinical care of a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have pro...

  • Dermatitis in Children

    Dermatitis in Children Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin. Dermatitis actually refers to a number of skin conditions that inflame the skin. Many types of dermatitis require clinical care by yo...

  • Describing a Child's Skin Condition

    Describing a Child's Skin Condition How to describe a skin condition A physician may ask you to describe your child's dermatological condition and its location. Here are some of the more common terms...

  • Diaper Dermatitis

    Diaper Dermatitis What is diaper dermatitis? Diaper dermatitis, commonly known as diaper rash, is a term used to describe different skin rashes in the diapered area. The rash is usually red, scaling ...

  • Drug Rashes in Children

    Drug Rashes in Children What are drug rashes? Drug rashes are the body's reaction to a certain medication. The type of rash that occurs depends on the type of drug that is causing it. Rashes can rang...

  • Facts About Animal Bites

    Facts About Animal Bites All animal bites require treatment based on the type and severity of the wound. Whether the bite is from a family pet or an animal in the wild, scratches and bites can become...

  • Fifth Disease

    Fifth Disease What is fifth disease? Fifth disease is a viral illness that is associated with an exanthem. Exanthem is another name for a rash or skin eruption that occurs due to an infection or dise...

  • Fungal Infections

    Fungal Infections Many different types of fungal skin infections require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have prov...

  • Herpes Zoster (Shingles)

    Herpes Zoster (Shingles) What is herpes zoster? Herpes zoster (shingles) is caused by the reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus, which is the same virus that causes chickenpox. After a person ha...

  • Home Page - Dermatology and Children

    Topic Index Anatomy of the Skin Skin Tests Describing a Skin Condition Common Skin Disorders Non-Infectious Skin Conditions Benign Skin Growth and Pigmentation Disorders Skin Injury Glossary The skin...

  • Human Bites

    Human Bites Human bites can easily become infected because of the number of bacteria in the human mouth. In fact, human bite wounds are more likely to become infected than dog or cat bites. A health ...

  • Impetigo

    Impetigo What is impetigo? Impetigo is a superficial infection of the skin caused by bacteria. The lesions are often grouped and have a red base. The lesions open and become crusty and have a "honey ...

  • Insect Bites and Children

    Insect Bites and Children Regardless of how careful you are about animals in your home, or how many precautions you take when your child is outside playing, animal and insect bites and stings are som...

  • Lice

    Lice What are lice? Lice are tiny insects that can infest the skin anywhere on the body. Lice infection is characterized by intense itching. Lice are highly contagious, spreading from person to perso...

  • Lyme Disease in Children

    Lyme Disease in Children What is Lyme disease? Lyme disease (LD) is a multi-stage, multi-system bacterial infection caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, a spiral shaped bacterium that is mo...

  • Molluscum Contagiosum in Children

    Molluscum Contagiosum in Children What is molluscum contagiosum? Molluscum contagiosum is a viral disease of the skin that causes small pink or skin-colored bumps on your child's skin. It is not harm...

  • Noninfectious Skin Conditions

    Noninfectious Skin Conditions Many different noninfectious skin conditions require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we...

  • Online Resources - Dermatology for Children

    Online Resources - Dermatology for Children This Web was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professional ...

  • Other Benign Skin Growths in Children

    Other Benign Skin Growths in Children What are other benign skin growths? As a person grows older and is exposed to sunlight, the skin changes. Children may have freckles and moles, which may multipl...

  • Parasitic Skin Infections

    Parasitic Skin Infections Parasites on the skin are usually small insects or worms that burrow into the skin to live there or lay their eggs. Many types of parasitic skin infections require clinical ...

  • Pediatric Glossary - Dermatology

    Pediatric Glossary - Dermatology | A | | B | | C | | D | | E | | F | | G | | H | | I | | J | | K | | L | | M | | N | | O | | P | | Q | | R | | S | | T | | U | | V | | W | | X | | Y | | Z | A [back to...

  • Pityriasis Rosea in Children

    Pityriasis Rosea in Children What is pityriasis rosea? Pityriasis rosea is a mild, but common, skin condition. Characterized by scaly, pink, inflamed skin, the condition can last from four to eight w...

  • Poison Ivy / Poison Oak and Children

    Poison Ivy / Poison Oak and Children What is poison ivy/poison oak? There are three native American plants that collectively may be called poison ivy: Poison ivy Poison oak Poison sumac These plants ...

  • Roseola

    Roseola What is roseola? Roseola is a viral illness that results in a viral exanthem. Exanthem is another name for a rash or skin eruption. Roseola is a contagious disease marked by a high fever and ...

  • Rubella (German Measles) in Children

    Rubella (German Measles) in Children What is rubella (German measles)? Rubella is a viral illness that results in a viral exanthem. Exanthem is another name for a rash or skin eruption. It is spread ...

  • Rubeola (Measles)

    Rubeola (Measles) What is rubeola? Rubeola, also called 10-day measles, red measles, or measles, is a viral illness that results in a viral exanthem. Exanthem is another name for a rash or skin erupt...

  • Scabies in Children

    Scabies in Children What is scabies? Scabies is an infestation of mites (tiny insects) characterized by small red bumps and intense itching. This highly contagious infection often spreads from person...

  • Scarlet Fever

    Scarlet Fever What is scarlet fever? Scarlet fever, also known as scarlatina, is an infectious disease that causes a rash. It is associated with an infection by streptococci, the same kind of bacteri...

  • Seborrheic Dermatitis (Cradle Cap)

    Seborrheic Dermatitis (Cradle Cap) What is seborrheic dermatitis (cradle cap)? Also called cradle cap, seborrheic dermatitis in the infant is characterized by fine white scales. However, seborrheic d...

  • Skin Cancer in Children

    Skin Cancer in Children What is skin cancer? Skin cancer is a malignant tumor that grows in the skin cells. In the US alone, more than 2 million Americans will be diagnosed in 2010 with nonmelanoma s...

  • Skin Injury in Children

    Skin Injury in Children External factors can harm the skin, including heat, sharp objects, ultraviolet (UV) radiation, and excessive rubbing or pressure. Many types of skin injuries require clinical ...

  • Skin Pigment Disorders

    Skin Pigment Disorders What are skin pigment disorders? Skin color is determined by a pigment (melanin) made by specialized cells in the skin (melanocytes). The amount and type of melanin determines ...

  • Skin Tests

    Skin Tests What are skin tests? Skin tests may be performed to diagnose skin allergies, bacterial or fungal skin infections, and other diseases. Skin tests are also performed to differentiate between...

  • Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome

    Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome What is staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome? Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome is a response to a toxin produced by a staphylococcal infection and is characte...

  • Sunburn and Children

    Sunburn and Children What is sunburn? Sunburn is a visible reaction of the skin's exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, the invisible rays that are part of sunlight. Ultraviolet rays can also cause...

  • Tick Bites

    Tick Bites Ticks are small insects that live in grass, bushes, wooded areas, and along seashores. They attach their bodies onto a human or animal host and prefer hairy areas such as the scalp, behind...

  • Tinea Infections (Ringworm) in Children

    Tinea Infections (Ringworm) in Children What are tinea infections (ringworm)? Different fungi, depending on their location on the child's body, cause ringworm. Ringworm is characterized by ring-shape...

  • Tinea Versicolor in Children

    Tinea Versicolor in Children What is tinea versicolor? Tinea versicolor is a common fungal skin infection characterized by lighter or darker patches on the skin. Patches are most often found on the c...

  • Topic Index - Dermatology for Children

    Topic Index - Dermatology for Children Dermatology Home Anatomy of the Skin Skin Tests Describing a Skin Condition Common Skin Disorders Bacterial Skin Infections Impetigo Cellulitis Scarlet Fever Fo...

  • Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis in Children

    Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis in Children What is toxic epidermal necrolysis? Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a life-threatening skin disorder characterized by a blistering and peeling of the skin. This d...

  • Treatment for Dog and Cat Bites and Scratches

    Treatment for Dog and Cat Bites and Scratches How to respond to dog or cat bites and scratches When your child is bitten or scratched by an animal, remain calm and reassure your child that you can he...

  • Treatment for Skin Cancer in Children

    Treatment for Skin Cancer in Children What are the treatments for skin cancer? Specific treatment for skin cancer will be determined by your child's physician based on: Your child's overall health an...

  • Viral Exanthems (Rashes)

    Viral Exanthems (Rashes) Many viral infections of the skin in childhood are called "viral exanthems." Exanthem is another name for a rash or skin eruption. Viral exanthems (rashes) require clinical c...

  • Viral Skin Infections

    Viral Skin Infections Viral skin infections require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below is some additional information regarding viral skin i...

  • Warts in Children

    Warts in Children What are warts? Warts are non-cancerous skin growths caused by the papillomavirus. Warts are more common in children than adults, although they can develop at any age. Warts can spr...