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Pediatric Library

Digestive and Liver Disorders

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  • Anorectal Malformation

    Anorectal Malformation What is anorectal malformation? Anorectal malformations are birth defects (problems that happen as a fetus is developing during pregnancy). With this defect, the anus and rectu...

  • Appendicitis in Children

    Appendicitis in Children What is appendicitis? Appendicitis is a painful swelling and infection of the appendix (a narrow, finger-like pouch that branches off the large intestine). Doctors are not re...

  • Biliary Atresia

    Biliary Atresia What is biliary atresia? Biliary atresia is a chronic, progressive liver problem that becomes evident shortly after birth. Tubes in the liver, called bile ducts, normally allow a liqu...

  • Colic

    Colic What is colic? Colic is a problem that affects some babies during the first three to four months of life. It is defined by the "rule of three": crying at least three hours per day, more than th...

  • Common Characteristics of Liver Disease

    Common Characteristics of Liver Disease What are some common liver disease symptoms? When diagnosing liver disease, the doctor looks at the patient's symptoms and conducts a physical examination. In ...

  • Common Children's Digestive Problems

    Common Children's Digestive Problems Many problems that may affect a child's digestive system require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are...

  • Congenital Liver Defects

    Congenital Liver Defects What are congenital liver defects? Defects of the liver at birth usually affect the bile ducts. Though rare, some congenital liver defects include: Biliary atresia. A conditi...

  • Constipation in Children

    Constipation in Children Click Image to Enlarge What is constipation? Constipation is defined as: A decrease in frequency of bowel movements, compared to a child's usual pattern (some health care pro...

  • Crohn's Disease in Children

    Crohn's Disease in Children What is Crohn's disease? Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is a chronic condition that may recur at various times over a lifetime. It usually invo...

  • Diaphragmatic Hernia

    Diaphragmatic Hernia What is a diaphragmatic hernia? A diaphragmatic hernia is a birth defect, which is an abnormality that occurs before birth as a fetus is forming in the mother's uterus. An openin...

  • Diarrhea in Children

    Diarrhea in Children What is diarrhea? Diarrhea is defined either as watery stool or increased frequency (or both) when compared to a normal amount. It is a common problem that may last a few days an...

  • Digestive Diagnostic Procedures for Children

    Digestive Diagnostic Procedures for Children In order to reach a diagnosis for digestive and liver problems, a thorough and accurate medical history must be taken by the doctor, noting the symptoms y...

  • Dysphagia

    Dysphagia What is dysphagia? Dysphagia is a term that means "difficulty swallowing." It is the inability of food or liquids to pass easily from the mouth, into the throat, and down into the esophagus...

  • Encopresis

    Encopresis What is encopresis? Encopresis is a problem that children age four or older can develop due to chronic (long-term) constipation. With constipation, children have fewer bowel movements than...

  • Food Allergies in Children

    Food Allergies in Children What is food allergy? A food allergy is an abnormal response of the body to a certain food. It is important to know that this is different than a food intolerance, which do...

  • Glossary - Digestive and Liver Disorders

    Glossary - Digestive and Liver Disorders | A | | B | | C | | D | | E | | F | | G | | H | | I | | J | | K | | L | | M | | N | | O | | P | | Q | | R | | S | | T | | U | | V | | W | | X | | Y | | Z | A ...

  • Helicobacter Pylori in Children

    Helicobacter Pylori in Children Click to Enlarge What is Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori )? H. pylori is a spiral-shaped bacterium found in the stomach, which (along with acid secretion) damages stom...

  • Hirschsprung's Disease

    Hirschsprung's Disease What is Hirschsprung's disease? Hirschsprung's disease occurs when some of the nerve cells that are normally present in the intestine do not form properly while a baby is devel...

  • Home Page - Digestive and Liver Disorders

    Topic Index The Digestive System - An Overview Diagnostic Procedures Problems in Prenatal Development of the Digestive Tract Common Children's Digestive Problems Problems Affecting the Upper Digestiv...

  • How the Liver Works

    How the Liver Works Anatomy of the liver The liver is located in the upper right-hand portion of the abdominal cavity, beneath the diaphragm and on top of the stomach, right kidney, and intestines. T...

  • Inflammatory and Infectious Digestive Disorders

    Inflammatory and Infectious Digestive Disorders Many types of inflammations and infectious disorders affecting the digestive system require clinical care by a physician or other health care professio...

  • Inguinal and Umbilical Hernia

    Inguinal and Umbilical Hernia What is a hernia? A hernia occurs when a section of intestine protrudes through a weakness in the abdominal muscles. A soft bulge is seen underneath the skin where the h...

  • Intestinal Malrotation and Volvulus

    Intestinal Malrotation and Volvulus What is intestinal malrotation? Intestinal malrotation is a birth defect involving a malformation of the intestinal tract. Intestinal malrotation is an abnormality...

  • Intussusception

    Intussusception What is intussusception? Intussusception is the most common cause of intestinal obstruction in children between ages three months and three years old. Intussusception occurs when a po...

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children

    Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children What is irritable bowel syndrome? Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic disorder causing annoying and often painful abdominal and bowel symptoms. IBS is con...

  • Lactose Intolerance in Children

    Lactose Intolerance in Children What is lactose intolerance? Lactose intolerance is a condition caused by a lack of an enzyme called lactase. Inadequate amounts of lactase cause the body to be unable...

  • Liver Disorders

    Liver Disorders There are many different disorders of the liver that require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have p...

  • Liver Transplantation in Children

    Liver Transplantation in Children What is a liver transplant? A liver transplant is a surgical procedure performed to replace a diseased liver with a healthy liver from another person. The liver may ...

  • Meckel's Diverticulum

    Meckel's Diverticulum What is Meckel's diverticulum? Meckel's diverticulum is a small pouch in the wall of the intestine, near the junction of the small and large intestines. The pouch is a remnant o...

  • Omphalocele

    Omphalocele What is an omphalocele? An omphalocele is a birth defect, which is an abnormality that occurs before birth as a fetus is forming in its mother's uterus. Some of the abdominal organs protr...

  • Online Resources - Digestive and Liver Disorders

    Online Resources - Digestive and Liver Disorders This Web was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professi...

  • Problems Affecting the Lower Digestive Tract

    Problems Affecting the Lower Digestive Tract There are many problems that may affect the lower digestive tract that require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed in th...

  • Problems Affecting the Upper Digestive Tract

    Problems Affecting the Upper Digestive Tract There are many problems that may affect the upper digestive tract that require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed in th...

  • Rumination Syndrome

    Rumination Syndrome Rumination syndrome is a rare disorder that affects children and some adults. A child with this condition usually eats meals normally, but after about an hour or two, undigested f...

  • The Digestive System: An Overview

    The Digestive System: An Overview What is digestion? Food and drink must be changed into smaller molecules of nutrients to be absorbed into the blood and carried to cells throughout the body. Digesti...

  • Topic Index - Digestive and Liver Disorders

    Topic Index - Digestive and Liver Disorders Digestive & Liver Disorders Home The Digestive System - An Overview Diagnostic Procedures Problems in Prenatal Development of the Digestive Tract Trach...

  • Tracheoesophageal Fistula and Esophageal Atresia

    Tracheoesophageal Fistula and Esophageal Atresia What is tracheoesophageal fistula? Tracheoesophageal fistula is an abnormal connection in one or more places between the esophagus (the tube that lead...

  • Ulcerative Colitis in Children

    Ulcerative Colitis in Children Click Image to Enlarge What is ulcerative colitis? Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in which the inner lining of the large intestine (colon or ...