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Pediatric Library

Ear, Nose, and Throat

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  • Age-Appropriate Speech and Hearing Milestones

    Age-Appropriate Speech and Hearing Milestones Hearing develops early in fetal development and is fully functioning at birth. While children respond differently at different stages of growth and devel...

  • Allergic Rhinitis

    Allergic Rhinitis What is allergic rhinitis? Rhinitis is a reaction that occurs in the nose when airborne irritants (allergens) trigger the release of histamine. Histamine causes itching, inflammatio...

  • Anatomy and Physiology of the Ear

    Anatomy and Physiology of the Ear What is the ear? Click Image to Enlarge The ear is the organ of hearing. The parts of the ear include: External or outer ear, consisting of: Pinna or auricle . This ...

  • Anatomy and Physiology of the Nose and Throat

    Anatomy and Physiology of the Nose and Throat Click Image to Enlarge What is the nose? The nose is the organ of smell located in the middle of the face. The internal part of the nose lies above the r...

  • Branchial Cleft Abnormalities

    Branchial Cleft Abnormalities What is a branchial cleft abnormality? A branchial cleft abnormality is a mass of abnormally formed tissues within the neck. These tissues may form pockets called cysts ...

  • Common Childhood External Ear Problems

    Common Childhood External Ear Problems Many different external ear problems require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which w...

  • Common Childhood Nose and Throat Illnesses

    Common Childhood Nose and Throat Illnesses Many nose and throat illnesses are common in children and require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory be...

  • Congenital Laryngeal Stridor

    Congenital Laryngeal Stridor What is congenital laryngeal stridor? Congenital laryngeal stridor results from a congenital (present at birth) anomaly of the larynx (voice box). A weakness in the struc...

  • Congenital Muscular Torticollis

    Congenital Muscular Torticollis What is congenital muscular torticollis? Congenital muscular torticollis is a condition in which an infant's neck muscle is shortened causing the neck to twist. Congen...

  • Dermoid Cyst

    Dermoid Cyst What is a dermoid cyst? A dermoid cyst is a pocket or cavity under the skin that contains tissues normally present in the outer layers of the skin. The pocket forms a mass that is someti...

  • Deviated Septum in Children

    Deviated Septum in Children What is a deviated septum? The nasal septum is made of cartilage, and divides the nose into two separate chambers. A deviated septum is an abnormal configuration of the ca...

  • Ear Disorders

    Ear Disorders Many different ear problems require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. ...

  • Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

    Endoscopic Sinus Surgery The purpose of endoscopic sinus surgery is to open the passages of the sinuses allowing for proper drainage to the nose. It is called an endoscopic procedure because the doct...

  • Foreign Bodies in the Ear, Nose, and Airway

    Foreign Bodies in the Ear, Nose, and Airway Foreign bodies in the ear, nose, and breathing tract (airway) sometimes occur in children. Foreign bodies refer to any object that is placed in the ear, no...

  • Glossary - Ear, Nose, and Throat

    Glossary - Ear, Nose, and Throat | A | | B | | C | | D | | E | | F | | G | | H | | I | | J | | K | | L | | M | | N | | O | | P | | Q | | R | | S | | T | | U | | V | | W | | X | | Y | | Z | A [back to...

  • Hearing Aids for Children

    Hearing Aids for Children What are hearing aids? According to the American Academy of Otolaryngology, more than three million American children have hearing loss, and about 1.3 million of them younge...

  • Hearing Loss in Babies

    Hearing Loss in Babies Hearing loss in babies occurs infrequently in the United States. However, without screening or testing, hearing loss may not be noticed until the baby is more than one year old...

  • Hearing Loss in Children

    Hearing Loss in Children What are the different types of hearing loss? Hearing loss can be categorized by many different types. Two types of hearing loss are sensorineural and conductive. Both types ...

  • Hearing, Speech, and Language

    Hearing, Speech, and Language Speech, language, and hearing are an important part of a healthy child's life. Speech means the ability to make sounds, while language goes beyond this and refers to the...

  • Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Hodgkin Lymphoma What is Hodgkin lymphoma? Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of cancer in the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is part of the immune system and functions to fight disease and infection...

  • Home Page - Ear, Nose, and Throat

    Topic Index Ear Disorders Nose and Throat Disorders Neck Masses Glossary Children have many problems with their ears, nose, and throat. In fact, three out of four children will experience an ear infe...

  • Lymphadenopathy

    Lymphadenopathy What is lymphadenopathy? Lymphadenopathy is the term for swelling of the lymph nodes--the bean-shaped organs found in the underarm, groin, neck, chest, and abdomen that act as filters...

  • Lymphatic Malformations

    Lymphatic Malformations What is a lymphatic malformation? A lymphatic malformation is a mass in the head or neck that results from an abnormal formation of lymphatic vessels. Lymphatic vessels are sm...

  • Lymphatic Masses

    Lymphatic Masses Many conditions involving lymphatic masses require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided ...

  • Management of Hearing Loss

    Management of Hearing Loss Early intervention and detection of hearing loss is necessary to prevent additional problems with speech and language development. A health care team approach is normally u...

  • Mastoiditis

    Mastoiditis What is mastoiditis? Mastoiditis is an inflammation or infection of the mastoid bone, which is a portion of the temporal bone. The mastoid consists of air cells that drain the middle ear....

  • Myringotomy Tubes

    Myringotomy Tubes What are myringotomy tubes (also called ear tubes, tympanostomy tubes, or ventilation tubes)? Myringotomy tubes are small tubes that are surgically placed into your child's eardrum ...

  • Neck Abscess

    Neck Abscess What is a neck abscess? A neck abscess is a collection of pus from an infection in spaces between the structures of the neck. As the amount of pus increases, the soft tissue spaces expan...

  • Neck Masses

    Neck Masses Many neck disorders require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. Overview o...

  • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in Children

    Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in Children What is non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL)? NHL is cancer in the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is part of the immune system and functions to fight disease and infect...

  • Nose and Throat Disorders

    Nose and Throat Disorders Many nose and throat disorders require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some of the conditions, for which we...

  • Nosebleeds

    Nosebleeds Nosebleeds can be a scary occurrence, but are usually not dangerous. The medical term for nosebleed is epistaxis. They are fairly common in children, especially in dry climates or during t...

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Obstructive Sleep Apnea What is obstructive sleep apnea? Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when a child stops breathing during periods of sleep. The cessation of breathing usually occurs because of a bl...

  • Online Resources - Ear, Nose, and Throat

    Online Resources - Ear, Nose, and Throat This Web was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professional med...

  • Otitis Externa (Swimmer's Ear)

    Otitis Externa (Swimmer's Ear) What is otitis externa? Otitis externa, also called swimmer's ear, is an inflammation of the external ear canal. Swimmer's ear is caused by fungi or bacteria. Water tha...

  • Otitis Media (Middle Ear Infection)

    Otitis Media (Middle Ear Infection) What is otitis media (OM)? Click Image to Enlarge Otitis media is inflammation located in the middle ear. Otitis media can occur as a result of a cold, sore throat...

  • Overview of Neck Masses

    Overview of Neck Masses What are neck masses? Neck masses are common problems in infants and children. Some neck masses are congenital (present at birth) and result from abnormal formation during emb...

  • Pharyngitis and Tonsillitis in Children

    Pharyngitis and Tonsillitis in Children What are pharyngitis and tonsillitis? Pharyngitis and tonsillitis are infections in the throat that cause inflammation. If the tonsils are primarily affected, ...

  • Pilomatrixoma

    Pilomatrixoma What is pilomatrixoma? Pilomatrixoma is a slow-growing, hard mass found beneath the skin. It is most common on the face and neck, but is sometimes found elsewhere on the body. Pilomatri...

  • Sinusitis in Children

    Sinusitis in Children What are sinuses? The sinuses are cavities, or air-filled pockets, near the nasal passage. Like the nasal passage, the sinuses are lined with mucous membranes. There are four di...

  • Stridor

    Stridor What is stridor? Stridor is a high-pitched sound that is usually heard best when a child breathes in (inspiration). It is usually caused by an obstruction or narrowing in your child's upper a...

  • The Lymphatic System

    The Lymphatic System What is the lymphatic system? Neck masses in children often involve the lymphatic system, which is part of the immune system and functions to fight disease and infections. The ly...

  • Thyroglossal Duct Cyst

    Thyroglossal Duct Cyst What is a thyroglossal duct cyst? A thyroglossal duct cyst is a neck mass or lump that develops from cells and tissues remaining after the formation of the thyroid gland during...

  • Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy

    Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy What are the tonsils? The tonsils are small, round pieces of tissue that are located in the back of the mouth on the side of the throat. Tonsils are thought to help fi...

  • Topic Index - Ear, Nose, and Throat

    Topic Index - Ear, Nose, and Throat Ear, Nose, & Throat Home Ear Disorders Anatomy and Physiology of the Ear Common Childhood External Ear Problems Otitis Externa (Swimmer's Ear) Foreign Bodies i...

  • Types of Hearing Tests for Infants and Children

    Types of Hearing Tests for Infants and Children What are the different types of hearing tests? In order to evaluate your child's hearing, your child's physician will perform a complete medical histor...