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Pediatric Library

Eye Care

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  • Age-Appropriate Vision Milestones

    Age-Appropriate Vision Milestones Vision problems may be suspected in children who are not responding to their environment properly. The following are some age-related guidelines that may help to dec...

  • Anatomy of the Eye

    Anatomy of the Eye Click Image to Enlarge Click Image to Enlarge Anterior chamber - the front section of the eye's interior where aqueous humor flows in and out, providing nourishment to the eye and ...

  • Avoiding Eye Injuries in Children

    Avoiding Eye Injuries in Children How to prevent eye injuries Eye injuries affect more than 2.5 million people every year, yet 90 percent of these injuries are preventable with the use of appropriate...

  • Blepharitis

    Blepharitis What is blepharitis? Blepharitis is an inflammation and matting of the eyelashes. This is usually a persistent, recurring problem for a child and starts early in childhood and may last th...

  • Blocked Tear Duct (Dacryostenosis)

    Blocked Tear Duct (Dacryostenosis) What is a blocked tear duct? This condition is called dacryostenosis or congenital (present at birth) lacrimal duct obstruction. Tears help clean and lubricate the ...

  • Bruising or Black Eye (Ecchymosis)

    Bruising or Black Eye (Ecchymosis) What is ecchymosis or bruising of the eye? Ecchymosis, or more commonly known as a “black eye," usually occurs from some type of trauma to the eye, causing the tiss...

  • Cataracts in Children

    Cataracts in Children What is a cataract? A cataract is a clouding or opaque area over the lens of the eye--an area that is normally transparent. As this thickening occurs, it prevents light rays fro...

  • Cellulitis of the Eye in Children

    Cellulitis of the Eye in Children What are orbital cellulitis and pre-septal cellulitis? These conditions refer to an inflammation and infection of the tissue and skin that surround the eye. They are...

  • Chalazion

    Chalazion What is a chalazion? A chalazion is a persistent inflammation or swelling of the upper or lower eyelid. What causes a chalazion? A chalazion is caused by a blockage of one of the glands in ...

  • Chemical Burns of the Eye

    Chemical Burns of the Eye What are chemical burns? Chemical burns occur when a child gets any type of chemical in his/her eye. This is a medical emergency, and the child should receive immediate medi...

  • Childhood Glaucoma

    Childhood Glaucoma What is childhood glaucoma? Glaucoma is a condition in which the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes (intraocular pressure, or IOP) slowly rises as a result of the fluid aqueous ...

  • Childhood Vision Problems

    Childhood Vision Problems Many problems that can affect your child's vision require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which w...

  • Conjunctivitis (Newborn / Childhood)

    Conjunctivitis (Newborn / Childhood) What is conjunctivitis? Conjunctivitis, also known as "pink eye," is an inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye. The conjunctiva is the membrane that lines the...

  • Crossed-Eyes (Strabismus)

    Crossed-Eyes (Strabismus) Photograph used by permission of the National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health What is strabismus? Strabismus, a misalignment of the eyes, is one of the most com...

  • Eye Care Specialists

    Eye Care Specialists What is an ophthalmologist? An ophthalmologist is either a medical doctor (M.D.) or an osteopathic physician (D.O.) who specializes in comprehensive eye care and provides examina...

  • Eye Disorders in Children

    Eye Disorders in Children Many disorders of the eye require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief ...

  • Eye Examinations and Visual Screening

    Eye Examinations and Visual Screening When are eye examinations necessary? Children are different than adults in that a child's brain develops more rapidly. Any problems a child may experience with h...

  • Eye Safety and First Aid

    Eye Safety and First Aid As a parent, you can help your child avoid eye trauma with the proper use of safety equipment during sports and recreational activities. Listed in the directory below is some...

  • Eye Trauma

    Eye Trauma Eye trauma refers to any injury to the eye. It is a regular event in children and a common cause of loss of vision. Many different types of eye trauma require clinical care by a physician ...

  • Eyeglasses and Contact Lenses

    Eyeglasses and Contact Lenses Lenses for correcting or improving vision There are two types of lenses prescribed for correcting or improving vision. These include: Eyeglasses (also called spectacles)...

  • Eyelid Lacerations

    Eyelid Lacerations What are eyelid lacerations? Eyelid lacerations are cuts to the eyelid caused by trauma. Your child's physician will examine the eye closely to make sure there is no damage to the ...

  • First-Aid for the Eyes

    First-Aid for the Eyes To reduce the risk of permanent damage caused by eye injuries, it is important to treat eye injuries immediately. Consult your child's physician, or ophthalmologist or optometr...

  • Foreign Bodies in the Eye

    Foreign Bodies in the Eye What are foreign bodies? Foreign bodies refer to any objects in the eye that are not meant to be there. The foreign object may be in the conjunctiva (a thin membrane that co...

  • Fractures of the Orbit

    Fractures of the Orbit What are fractures of the orbit? When one or more bones surrounding the eye are broken, the condition is called orbital fracture. The orbit is the bony structure around the eye...

  • Home Page - Eye Care and Children

    Topic Index Anatomy of the Eye Normal Vision Eye Care Specialists Eye Glasses and Contact Lenses Visual Screening and Eye Examinations Eye Disorders Problems with Vision Eye Trauma Eye Safety and Fir...

  • Keratitis

    Keratitis What is keratitis? Keratitis is an inflammation or infection of the cornea of the eye. The cornea is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. Keratitis is a medical ...

  • Normal Vision

    Normal Vision Click Image to Enlarge What is normal vision? In order to better understand how certain problems can affect your child's vision, it is important to understand how normal vision occurs. ...

  • Online Resources - Eye Care for Children

    Online Resources - Eye Care for Children This Web was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professional med...

  • Pediatric Glossary - Eye Care

    Pediatric Glossary - Eye Care | A | | B | | C | | D | | E | | F | | G | | H | | I | | J | | K | | L | | M | | N | | O | | P | | Q | | R | | S | | T | | U | | V | | W | | X | | Y | | Z | A [back to to...

  • Refractive Errors in Children

    Refractive Errors in Children What is normal vision? In order to better understand how certain problems can affect your child's vision, it is important to understand how normal vision occurs. For chi...

  • Signs and Symptoms of Potential Eye Problems

    Signs and Symptoms of Potential Eye Problems Careful attention to physical appearance, behavioral changes, and complaints from your child can assist in the early detection and treatment of eye disord...

  • Stye (Hordeolum)

    Stye (Hordeolum) What is a hordeolum (stye)? A hordeolum, also known as a stye, is an inflammation of the eyelid margin. This condition is seen more often in children than in adults. What causes a st...

  • Topic Index - Eye Care for Children

    Topic Index - Eye Care for Children Eye Care Home Anatomy of the Eye Normal Vision Eye Care Specialists Eye Glasses and Contact Lenses Visual Screening and Eye Examinations Visual Screening Overview ...

  • Visual Screening and Eye Examinations

    Visual Screening and Eye Examinations Listed in the directory below you will find some additional information regarding your child's vision, for which we have provided a brief overview. Visual Screen...

  • Visual Screening Overview

    Visual Screening Overview Newborn babies arrive equipped with wonderful abilities to see and hear. Although their vision is not as sharp as that of an adult, newborn babies show responses to adult fa...