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Pediatric Library

Hematology and Blood Disorders

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  • Alpha Thalassemia in Children

    Alpha Thalassemia in Children What is alpha thalassemia? Thalassemia is an inherited disorder that affects the production of normal hemoglobin (a type of protein in red blood cells that carries oxyge...

  • Anemia

    Anemia What is anemia? Anemia is a common blood disorder that occurs when there are fewer red blood cells than normal, and there is not enough hemoglobin transported to supply the body. Hemoglobin. T...

  • Aplastic Anemia in Children

    Aplastic Anemia in Children What is aplastic anemia? Aplastic anemia occurs when the bone marrow produces too few of all types of blood cells: red cells, white cells, and platelets. A reduced number ...

  • Beta Thalassemia (Cooley's Anemia) in Children

    Beta Thalassemia (Cooley's Anemia) in Children What is beta thalassemia? Thalassemia is an inherited disorder that affects the production of normal hemoglobin (a type of protein in red blood cells th...

  • Bleeding Disorders

    Bleeding Disorders Many different bleeding disorders require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief...

  • Blood Clotting Disorders in Children

    Blood Clotting Disorders in Children Clotting is the result of a series of chemical changes in blood that are intended to help the body repair damaged blood vessels. Platelets in the blood form a sma...

  • Blood Donations and Blood Banking

    Blood Donations and Blood Banking What is blood banking? Blood banking is the process that takes place in a laboratory to ensure that the donated blood or blood products are safe before they are used...

  • Blood Donations/Blood Banking

    Blood Donations/Blood Banking What is blood banking? Blood banking is the process that takes place in the laboratory to ensure that donated blood, or blood products, are safe before they are used in ...

  • Diagnosing Anemia in Children

    Diagnosing Anemia in Children Anemia is a common condition in children. About 20 percent of children in the U.S. will be diagnosed with anemia at some point by age 18. A child who is anemic does not ...

  • Diamond Blackfan Anemia

    Diamond Blackfan Anemia Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a rare blood disorder that is usually diagnosed in children during their first year of life. Children with DBA do not make enough red blood ce...

  • Fanconi Anemia

    Fanconi Anemia Fanconi anemia is a blood disorder in which the bone marrow doesn't make enough blood cells or makes abnormal types of blood cells. Anatomy of Bone and Marrow (Click to Enlarge) Bone m...

  • Hemoglobin C Disease

    Hemoglobin C Disease Red blood cells transport oxygen throughout the body to cells, tissues, and organs use that oxygen to function properly. Red blood cells carry oxygen via hemoglobin, a protein co...

  • Hemoglobin E Trait

    Hemoglobin E Trait Hemoglobin E trait is a hereditary blood disorder, which means it is inherited from your parents. Facts about hemoglobin E trait Hemoglobin E trait occurs most frequently among peo...

  • Hemolytic Anemia in Children

    Hemolytic Anemia in Children What is hemolytic anemia? Hemolytic anemia is a disorder in which the red blood cells are destroyed faster than the bone marrow can produce them. The term for destruction...

  • Hemophilia

    Hemophilia What is hemophilia? Hemophilia is an inherited bleeding, or coagulation, disorder. Children with hemophilia lack the ability to stop bleeding because of the low levels, or complete absence...

  • Immune (Idiopathic) Thrombocytopenia Purpura

    Immune (Idiopathic) Thrombocytopenia Purpura What is immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)? ITP is a blood disorder characterized by an abnormal decrease in the number of platelets in the blood. Plat...

  • Iron Deficiency Anemia

    Iron Deficiency Anemia What is iron deficiency anemia? The most common cause of anemia worldwide is iron deficiency. Iron is needed to form hemoglobin. Iron is mostly stored in the body in the hemogl...

  • Leukemia

    Leukemia What is leukemia? Leukemia is cancer of the blood and develops in the bone marrow. The bone marrow is the soft, spongy center of certain bones that produces the three major types of blood ce...

  • Megaloblastic (Pernicious) Anemia in Children

    Megaloblastic (Pernicious) Anemia in Children What is megaloblastic anemia? Megaloblastic anemia is a type of anemia characterized by very large red blood cells. In addition to the cells being large,...

  • Overview of Blood and Blood Components

    Overview of Blood and Blood Components Click Image to Enlarge What is blood? Blood is the life-maintaining fluid that circulates through: Heart Arteries Veins Capillaries Brain Rest of the body What ...

  • Pediatric Blood Disorders

    Pediatric Blood Disorders Many types of blood disorders require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a br...

  • Sickle Cell Disease in Children

    Sickle Cell Disease in Children What is sickle cell disease? Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder characterized by defective hemoglobin (a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen...

  • Thalassemia

    Thalassemia Thalassemia is an inherited disorder that affects the production of normal hemoglobin (a type of protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the tissues in the body). Thalassemia in...

  • Von Willebrand Disease

    Von Willebrand Disease Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is an inherited disorder that affects the blood's ability to clot. People with VWD may experience heavy bleeding after an injury, leading to physic...

  • What Are Platelets?

    What Are Platelets? Platelets are tiny blood cells that help your body form clots to stop bleeding. If one of your blood vessels gets damaged, it sends out signals that are picked up by platelets. Th...

  • What Are Red Blood Cells?

    What Are Red Blood Cells? Red blood cells play an important role in your health by carrying fresh oxygen throughout the body. The oxygen gives your blood its bright red color. Click to Enlarge Red bl...

  • What Are Stem Cells?

    What Are Stem Cells? Stem cells are special human cells that have the ability to develop into many different cell types, from muscle cells to brain cells. In some cases, they also have the ability to...

  • What Are White Blood Cells?

    What Are White Blood Cells? White blood cells are an important component of your blood system, which is also made up of red blood cells, platelets, and plasma. Click to Enlarge Although the white blo...

  • What Is Plasma?

    What Is Plasma? Plasma is the often forgotten component of blood. White blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets are essential to body function, but plasma also plays a crucial, and mostly unrecog...