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Pediatric Library

Neurological Disorders

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  • Acute Spinal Cord Injury in Children

    Acute Spinal Cord Injury in Children What is an acute spinal cord injury? Click Image to Enlarge The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that carries messages between the brain and the rest of the body...

  • Anatomy of a Child's Brain

    Anatomy of a Child's Brain What is the central nervous system (CNS)? The central nervous system (CNS) consists of the brain and spinal cord. The brain is an important organ that controls thought, mem...

  • Anencephaly

    Anencephaly What is anencephaly? Anencephaly is a condition present at birth that affects the formation of the brain and the skull bones that surround the head. Anencephaly results in only minimal de...

  • Brain Abscess

    Brain Abscess What is a brain abscess? A brain abscess is an infection in the brain that is encapsulated (confined within its own area) and localized to one or more areas inside of the brain. This co...

  • Brain Tumors in Children

    Brain Tumors in Children What is a brain tumor? Brain tumors are the most common solid tumors in children. Approximately 4,000 children and adolescents in the U.S. are diagnosed with primary brain tu...

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Cerebral Palsy What is cerebral palsy? Cerebral palsy (CP) is a broad term that describes a group of neurological (brain) disorders. It is a lifelong condition that affects the communication between ...

  • Chiari Malformation

    Chiari Malformation What is a Chiari malformation? A Chiari malformation is a congenital (present at birth) defect in the area of the back of the head where the brain and spinal cord connect. The con...

  • Congenital and Hereditary Neurological Disorders

    Congenital and Hereditary Neurological Disorders There are many congenital (present at birth) and hereditary neurological disorders that require clinical care by a doctor or other health care profess...

  • Craniosynostosis

    Craniosynostosis What is craniosynostosis? The normal skull consists of several plates of bone that are separated by sutures. The sutures (fibrous joints) are found between the bony plates in the hea...

  • Electroencephalogram (EEG) for Children

    Electroencephalogram (EEG) for Children What is an electroencephalogram? An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test that measures the electrical activity in the brain, called brain waves. An EEG measure...

  • Encephalitis in Children

    Encephalitis in Children What is encephalitis? Click Image to Enlarge Encephalitis is a term used to describe inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. This condition cau...

  • Glossary - Neurological Disorders

    Glossary - Neurological Disorders | A | | B | | C | | D | | E | | F | | G | | H | | I | | J | | K | | L | | M | | N | | O | | P | | Q | | R | | S | | T | | U | | V | | W | | X | | Y | | Z | A [back t...

  • Guillain-Barre Syndrome in Children

    Guillain-Barré Syndrome in Children What is Guillain-Barré syndrome? Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a temporary disorder that affects the nerves in the body. GBS can result in muscle weakness, pain...

  • Head Injury in Children

    Head Injury in Children What is a head injury? Head injuries are one of the most common causes of disability and death in children. The injury can be as mild as a bump, bruise (contusion), or cut on ...

  • Headaches in Children

    Headaches in Children What is a headache? A headache is pain or discomfort in the head or face area. Headaches can be single or recurrent in nature, and localized to one or more areas of the head and...

  • Home Page - Neurological Disorders

    Topic Index Overview of the Nervous System Anatomy of the Brain Diagnostic Tests Brain Tumors Congenital and Hereditary Disorders Neurological Disorders in the Newborn Headaches Inflammatory and Infe...

  • Hydrocephalus

    Hydrocephalus What is hydrocephalus? Hydrocephalus is a condition in which there is excessive fluid in and around the brain. It occurs from a lack of absorption, blockage of flow, or overproduction o...

  • Intraventricular Hemorrhage

    Intraventricular Hemorrhage What is intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH)? Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is bleeding inside or around the ventricles, the spaces in the brain containing the cerebral s...

  • Meningitis in Children

    Meningitis in Children What is meningitis? Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and the spinal cord. What causes meningitis? Meningitis is usually caused by a bacter...

  • Microcephaly

    Microcephaly What is microcephaly? Microcephaly is a condition that is present at birth in which the baby's head is much smaller than normal for an infant of that age and gender. Micro means small an...

  • Muscular Dystrophy

    Muscular Dystrophy What is muscular dystrophy? Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a broad term that describes a genetic (inherited) disorder of the muscles. Muscular dystrophy causes the muscles in the body ...

  • Myasthenia Gravis in Children

    Myasthenia Gravis in Children What is myasthenia gravis? Click Image to Enlarge Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a complex, autoimmune disorder in which antibodies destroy neuromuscular connections. This ca...

  • Neurocutaneous Syndromes in Children

    Neurocutaneous Syndromes in Children What are neurocutaneous syndromes? Click Image to Enlarge Neurocutaneous syndrome is a broad term for a group of rare neurological (brain, spine, and peripheral n...

  • Neurological Disorders in the Newborn

    Neurological Disorders in the Newborn There are several neurological disorders affecting newborns that require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. Listed in the directory bel...

  • Neurological Examination for Children

    Neurological Examination for Children What is a neurological examination? A neurological examination, also called a neuro exam, is an evaluation of your child's nervous system that can be performed i...

  • Neuromuscular Disorders

    Neuromuscular Disorders There are many neuromuscular disorders that require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have prov...

  • Online Resources - Neurological Disorders

    Online Resources - Neurological Disorders This Web page was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the profession...

  • Overview of Nervous System Disorders in Children

    Overview of Nervous System Disorders in Children What is the nervous system? The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities. It is made up of two...

  • Periventricular Leukomalacia (PVL)

    Periventricular Leukomalacia (PVL) What is periventricular leukomalacia (PVL)? Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is characterized by the death or damage and softening of the white matter, the inner ...

  • Reye Syndrome

    Reye Syndrome What is Reye syndrome? Reye syndrome is a rare condition that affects the normal chemical balance in the body, resulting in potential damage to all organs, but primarily affecting the b...

  • Seizures and Epilepsy in Children

    Seizures and Epilepsy in Children What is epilepsy? Epilepsy is a neurological condition involving the brain that makes people more susceptible to having recurrent unprovoked seizures. It is one of t...

  • Spina Bifida

    Spina Bifida What is spina bifida? Spina bifida is a condition in which there is abnormal development of the back bones, spinal cord, surrounding nerves, and the fluid-filled sac that surrounds the s...

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy

    Spinal Muscular Atrophy What is spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)? Spinal muscular atrophy is a genetic disease that affects the spinal cord and nerves, resulting in muscle wasting and weakness. What cau...

  • Spinal Tap or Lumbar Puncture

    Spinal Tap or Lumbar Puncture What is a spinal tap (lumbar puncture)? A spinal tap, also called lumbar puncture, is done to measure the amount of pressure in the spinal canal and/or to remove a small...

  • Topic Index - Neurological Disorders

    Topic Index - Neurological Disorders Neurological Disorders Home Overview of the Nervous System Anatomy of the Brain Diagnostic Tests for Neurological Disorders Overview of Diagnostic Tests for Nervo...

  • Trauma

    Trauma Trauma to the nervous system requires immediate clinical care. Listed in the directory below are some different types of trauma, for which we have provided a brief overview. Head Injury Acute ...