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Orthopaedics

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  • Bone Cancers in Children

    Bone Cancers in Children There are several types of bone cancer in children that require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. Listed below are some, for which we have provided...

  • Cast Types and Maintenance Instructions

    Cast Types and Maintenance Instructions What is a cast? A cast holds a broken bone in place as it heals. Casts also help to prevent or decrease muscle contractions, and are effective at providing imm...

  • Clubfoot

    Clubfoot What is clubfoot? Clubfoot, also known as talipes equinovarus, is a congenital (present at birth) foot deformity. It affects the bones, muscles, tendons, and blood vessels and can affect one...

  • Congenital and Hereditary Orthopedic Disorders

    Congenital and Hereditary Orthopedic Disorders There are many congenital and hereditary orthopedic disorders that require clinical care by a doctor or other health care provider. Listed in the direct...

  • Congenital Limb Defects

    Congenital Limb Defects What are congenital limb defects? Congenital limb defects occur when a portion or the entire upper or lower limb fails to form normally or does not form when the baby is devel...

  • Crutch Walking

    Crutch Walking If ordered by the doctor, your child will be fitted for crutches and be taught how to use them by a trained health care professional. Measurement of crutches: The top of the crutches s...

  • Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH)

    Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) What is DDH? Developmental dysplasia of the hip is a congenital (present at birth) condition of the hip joint. It occurs once in every 1,000 live births. The ...

  • Dislocations

    Dislocations What is a dislocation? A dislocation occurs when extreme force is put on a ligament, allowing the ends of two connected bones to separate. Ligaments are flexible bands of fibrous tissue ...

  • Evaluation Procedures for Children

    Evaluation Procedures for Children What are standard evaluation procedures? Before a treatment or rehabilitation protocol can be established, your child's doctor must first determine the reason for, ...

  • Ewing Sarcoma

    Ewing Sarcoma What is Ewing sarcoma? Ewing sarcoma is a cancer that occurs primarily in the bone or soft tissue. Ewing sarcoma can occur in any bone, but it most often it is found in the long bones s...

  • Femoral Anteversion

    Femoral Anteversion What is femoral anteversion? Femoral anteversion is an inward twisting of the thigh bone, also known as the femur (the bone that is located between the hip and the knee). Femoral ...

  • Fractures in Children

    Fractures in Children What is a fracture? A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone. When a fracture occurs, it is classified as either open or closed: Open fracture (also called compound...

  • Glossary - Orthopedics

    Glossary - Orthopedics | A | | B | | C | | D | | E | | F | | G | | H | | I | | J | | K | | L | | M | | N | | O | | P | | Q | | R | | S | | T | | U | | V | | W | | X | | Y | | Z | A [back to top] Arth...

  • Growth-Related Disorders

    Growth-Related Disorders There are many growth-related disorders that require clinical care by a doctor or other health care professional. Listed below are some, for which we have provided a brief ov...

  • Home Page - Orthopedics

    Topic Index The Pediatric Orthopaedics Team Evaluation Procedures Congenital and Hereditary Disorders Growth-Related Disorders Inflammatory and Infectious Disorders Bone Cancer Fractures Crutch Walki...

  • Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis What is juvenile rheumatoid arthritis? Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is a form of arthritis in children ages 16 or younger that causes inflammation and stiffness o...

  • Kyphosis in Children

    Kyphosis in Children What is kyphosis? A normal spine, when viewed from behind appears straight. However, a spine affected by kyphosis shows evidence of a forward curvature of the back bones (vertebr...

  • Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease

    Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease What is Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease? Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (or Perthes disease) is a rare condition in children in which the ball-shaped head of the thigh bone, referre...

  • Lordosis

    Lordosis What is lordosis? A normal spine, when viewed from behind appears straight. However, a spine affected by lordosis shows evidence of a curvature of the back bones (vertebrae) in the lower bac...

  • Metatarsus Adductus

    Metatarsus Adductus What is metatarsus adductus? Metatarsus adductus, also known as metatarsus varus, is a common foot deformity noted at birth that causes the front half of the foot, or forefoot, to...

  • Muscular Dystrophy

    Muscular Dystrophy What is muscular dystrophy? Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a broad term that describes a genetic (inherited) disorder of the muscles. Muscular dystrophy causes the muscles in the body ...

  • Nursemaid's Elbow

    Nursemaid's Elbow What is nursemaid's elbow? Nursemaid's elbow occurs when the radius (one of the bones in the forearm) slips out of place from where it normally attaches to the elbow joint. It is a ...

  • Online Resources - Orthopedics

    Online Resources - Orthopedics This Web page was compiled from a variety of sources including the online resources listed below, but is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical ...

  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease

    Osgood-Schlatter Disease What is Osgood-Schlatter disease? Osgood-Schlatter disease is an overuse condition or injury of the knee that causes pain and swelling below the knee area over the shin bone ...

  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta in Children

    Osteogenesis Imperfecta in Children What is osteogenesis imperfecta? Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), also known as brittle-bone disease, is a genetic (inherited) disorder characterized by bones that br...

  • Osteomyelitis in Children

    Osteomyelitis in Children What is osteomyelitis? Osteomyelitis is an infection in the bone. Infection is more common in the long bones of the body, but it can affect any bone in the body. Osteomyelit...

  • Osteosarcoma in Children

    Osteosarcoma in Children What is osteosarcoma? Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer among children, adolescents, and young adults. The disease usually occurs in the long bones, such as...

  • Overuse Injuries

    Overuse Injuries An increasing number of boys and girls are playing recreational and organized sports. As a result, there is a rise in the number of overuse injuries seen among children and adolescent...

  • Scoliosis in Children

    Scoliosis in Children What is scoliosis? Click Image to Enlarge A normal spine, when viewed from behind, appears straight. However, a spine affected by scoliosis shows evidence of a lateral, or side-...

  • Septic (Infectious) Arthritis

    Septic (Infectious) Arthritis What is septic arthritis? Septic arthritis is an infection in the joint (synovial) fluid and joint tissues. The infection usually reaches the joints though the bloodstre...

  • Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

    Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis What is slipped capital femoral epiphysis? Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a condition of the hip joint that affects children. In SCFE, the head, or "bal...

  • Sports Injuries and Children

    Sports Injuries and Children Obviously, some sports are more dangerous than others. For example, contact sports such as football can be expected to result in a higher number of injuries than a noncon...

  • Sports Injury Prevention

    Sports Injury Prevention Can sports injuries be prevented? Many sports injuries can be prevented by the use of management tools that consider factors such as the environment of a particular sport and...

  • Sports Injury Statistics

    Sports Injury Statistics How frequently do sports injuries occur? In the U.S., about 30 million children and teens participate in some form of organized sports, and more than 3.5 million injuries eac...

  • Sprains and Strains in Children

    Sprains and Strains in Children The majority of sports injuries are caused by minor trauma involving muscles, ligaments, and/or tendons, including: Contusions (bruises) Sprains Strains The most commo...

  • Tennis Elbow

    Tennis Elbow What is tennis elbow? Tennis elbow is a repetitive stress injury of the elbow that occurs when the muscles and tendons in the elbow area are torn or damaged. What causes tennis elbow? Ten...

  • The Pediatrics Orthopedic Team

    The Pediatrics Orthopedic Team Who treats pediatric orthopedic conditions? Orthopedic conditions may be treated by your child's health care provider and/or other medical specialists. Several doctors ...

  • Tibial Torsion

    Tibial Torsion What is tibial torsion? Tibial torsion is an inward twisting of the shin bones (the bones that are located between the knee and the ankle). Tibial torsion causes the child's feet to tu...

  • Topic Index - Orthopedics

    Topic Index - Orthopedics Orthopedics Home The Pediatric Orthopedics Team Evaluation Procedures Congenital and Hereditary Disorders Metatarsus Adductus Clubfoot Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip Con...