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Herbs, Vitamins & Supplements   - All

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  • Resource List

    Government Nutrition Internet Addresses FDA, Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases , Weight-control Information Network Natio...

  • Vitamin D

    Vitamin D Other Name(s): calciferol (vitamin D-3), cholecalciferol, dihydrotachysterol (a synthetic vitamin D), ergocalciferol (vitamin D-2), ergosterol (provitamin D-2), 7-dehydrocholesterol (provit...

  • Folic acid

    Folic Acid Other name(s): vitamin B 9 , folacin, folate, tetrahydrofolic acid, tetrahydropteroylglutamic acid, THF General description Folic acid, folate, or vitamin B 9 , is a water-soluble vitamin....

  • Biotin

    Biotin Other name(s): vitamin H (archaic), coenzyme R, d-biotin, hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thienol[3,4-d]-imidazole-4-pentatonoic acid General description Biotin is classified as a B vitamin. It is water so...

  • Vitamin K

    Vitamin K Other name(s): antihemorrhagic factor, menadiol, menadione (vitamin K-3), menaquinone (vitamin K-2), methylphytyl naphthoquinone, phylloquinone (vitamin K-1), phytonadione General descripti...

  • Zinc

    Zinc Other name(s): zinc gluconate, zinc sulfate General description Zinc is an essential trace element. It is almost as plentiful in the human body as iron , and is concentrated in the eyes, brain, ...

  • Vitamin E

    Vitamin E Other name(s): alpha tocopherol, alpha-tocopherol, tocotrienol, 5,7,8 trimethyl-tocotrienol General description Vitamin E is a series of fat-soluble compounds called tocopherols. Alpha-toco...

  • St. John's Wort

    St. John's Wort Botanical name(s): Hypericum Perforatum. Family: Hypericaceae Other name(s): amber, goatweed, hardhay, hyperici herba, klamath weed, tipton weed General description St. John's wort is...

  • Taurine

    Taurine Other name(s): 2-aminoethane-sulphonic acid General Description Taurine is a conditionally essential amino acid present in high amounts in meat and fish. Normally, an adequate amount of tauri...

  • Tryptophan

    Tryptophan Other name(s): a-amino-b-[3-indollyl]-propionic acid Unsubstantiated claims Please note that this section reports on claims that have NOT yet been substantiated through scientific studies....

  • Tyrosine

    Tyrosine Other name(s): a-amino-b-[p-hydroxyphenyl]-propionic acid Unsubstantiated claims Please note that this section reports on claims that have NOT yet been substantiated through scientific studi...

  • Valerian

    Valerian Botanical name(s): Valeriana officinalis, Centranthus ruber. Family: Valerianaceae Other name(s): all-heal, amantilla, carpon's tail, heliotrope, setewale, setwall, vandal root General descr...

  • Vitamin C

    Vitamin C Other Name(s): anti-scorbutic agent, ascorbic acid, calcium ascorbate, dehydroascorbic acid, sodium ascorbate General Description Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a water-soluble vitamin found ...

  • Histidine

    Histidine Other Name(s): a-amino-b-[4-imidazole]-propionic acid Claims Histidine is reported to help treat allergies, ulcers, rheumatoid arthritis, and anemia. It is also considered beneficial in imp...

  • Kelp

    Kelp Botanical name(s): True kelps belong to the genus laminaria, family Laminariaceae. Giant kelps belong to the genus macrocystis, family Lessoniaceae. Bladder kelps belong to the genus nereocystis...

  • Phenylalanine

    Phenylalanine Other name(s): a-amino-b-phenyl-propionic acid Unsubstantiated claims Please note that this section reports on claims that have NOT yet been substantiated through scientific studies. Ph...

  • Proanthocyanidins

    Proanthocyanidins Other name(s): anthocyanidin, anthocyanadins, anthocyanin, celphinidin, cyanidin, delphinidin, malvidin, pelargonidin, peonidin, petunidin General description Proanthocyanidins and ...

  • Saw Palmetto

    Saw Palmetto Botanical name(s): Sabal, Sabal serrulata, Serenoa repens Common names: Saw palmetto, shrub palmetto, dwarf palm General description The saw palmetto tree is native to North America. It ...

  • Shark Cartilage

    Shark Cartilage General description Shark cartilage is made from powdered shark skeleton. Sharks have no true bone: Their skeletons are composed of cartilage. Shark cartilage is white in color with a...

  • Spirulina

    Spirulina Other name(s): Spirulina fusiformis, Spirulina maxima, Spirulina platensis General description Spirulina is a primitive single-celled algae that grows in the ocean and includes many species...

  • Pyridoxine

    Pyridoxine Other name(s): vitamin B 6 , pyridoxal phosphate, pyridoxamine, pyridoxol, pyridoxyl-5-phosphate General description Pyridoxine, also known as vitamin B 6 , is a water-soluble vitamin. Lik...

  • Isoleucine

    Isoleucine Other name(s): a-amino-b-methyl-n-valeric acid Unsubstantiated claims Please note that this section reports on claims that have NOT yet been substantiated through scientific studies. Isole...

  • Lactobacillus Acidophilus

    Lactobacillus Acidophilus Other name(s): Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, acidophilus General description Lactobacilli are bacteria that produce lactic acid from the metabolic bre...

  • Leucine

    Leucine Other name(s): a-amino-isocaproic acid Unsubstantiated claims Please note that this section reports on claims that have NOT yet been substantiated through scientific studies. Leucine may impr...

  • Licorice Root

    Licorice Root Botanical name(s): Glycyrrhiza glabra l. Family: Fabaceae Other name(s): licorice, sweet root General description Licorice is a herbaceous perennial commonly grown in southeastern Europ...

  • Magnesium

    Magnesium Other name(s): magnesium carbonate, magnesium citrate, magnesium hydroxide, magnesium oxide, magnesium sulfate General description Magnesium is an essential element involved in the proper f...

  • Manganese

    Manganese Other name(s) Manganese citrate, manganese gluconate, manganese sulfate General description Manganese is an element, but is referred to in nutritional terms as a mineral. Manganese is conce...

  • Methionine

    Methionine Other name(s): a-amino-g-methylthiol-n-butyric acid Overview Methionine is an amino acid which is required in protein synthesis as well as synthesis of a number of additional physiologic c...

  • Milk Thistle

    Milk Thistle Botanical name(s): Silybum marianum Other name(s): milk thistle, marian thistle, Mary thistle, silibinin, silicristin, silidianin, silmar, silybin, silybum, silymarin, General descriptio...

  • Molybdenum

    Molybdenum Other name(s): ammonium molybdate General description Molybdenum is an essential element and a co-factor for several enzymes. It is stored primarily in the liver, kidneys, spleen, lungs, b...

  • Nettle

    Nettle Botanical name(s): Urtica dioica L. Family: Urticaceae Other name(s): common nettle, greater nettle, stinging nettle General description The stinging nettle is a noxious plant with tiny stingi...

  • Potassium

    Potassium Other name(s): KCl, potassium chloride General description Potassium is a highly reactive, metallic element normally found in nature as a "salt," such as potassium chloride or potassium nit...

  • Selenium

    Selenium Other name(s): selenious acid, selenium methylselenocysteine, selenomethionine, sodium selenite General description Selenium is an essential trace element and antioxidant . It is a cofactor ...

  • Iron

    Iron Other name(s): carbonyl iron, desiccated ferrous sulfate, ferrous fumarate, ferrous gluconate, ferrous sulfate General description Iron is an essential element important in the development of re...

  • Lysine

    Lysine Other name(s): a,e-diamino-n-caproic acid General Information Lysine is an essential amino acid necessary for the synthesis of protein as well as the metabolism of carbohydrates and fatty acid...

  • Serine

    Serine Other name(s): a-amino-b-hydroxy-propionic acid General Description Phosphatidylserine is a fat-soluble phospholipid that occurs endogenously in humans. It is the most abundant phospholipid in...

  • Grape Seed Extract

    Grape Seed Extract Botanical name(s): Vitis vinifera Other name(s): oligomeric proanthocyanidins , OPC, pycnogenol General description The grape has a long history of medicinal uses. Ancient Egyptian...

  • Green Tea Extract

    Green Tea Extract Botanical name(s): Camellia sinensis. Family: Theaceae Other name(s): green tea, Chinese tea, green sencha tea, Japanese tea, Yame tea General description Green tea is obtained from...

  • Hawthorn

    Hawthorn Botanical name(s): Crataegus oxyacantha Other name(s): English hawthorn, haw, May, Mayblossom, Maybush, Mayflower, whitethorn General description The hawthorn is a woody shrub or small tree ...

  • Iodine

    Iodine Other Name(s): iodide, organic iodine, potassium iodide, sodium iodide General description In 1922, researchers discovered that the thyroid gland needs iodine to produce thyroid hormones and p...

  • Kava Kava

    Kava Kava Botanical name(s): Piper methysticum, Piperis methystici rhizoma. Family: Piperaceae Other name(s): ava, awa, gea gi, kava, kava-kava, kawa kawa, methysticum, yaqona (pronounced yangona) Ge...

  • Brewer's Yeast

    Brewer's Yeast Other name(s): Faex medicinalis, medicinal yeast, Saccharomyces carlsbergensis, Saccharomyces uvarum, Saccharomyces cerevisiae General description Brewer's yeast is produced from a num...

  • Cysteine

    Cysteine Other name(s): a-amino-b-thiolpropionic acid Unsubstantiated claims Please note that this section reports on claims that have NOT yet been substantiated through scientific studies. Cysteine ...

  • Cystine

    Cystine Other name(s): di-[a-amino-propionic]-b-disulphide Unsubstantiated claims Please note that this section reports on claims that have NOT yet been substantiated through scientific studies. Cyst...

  • Glucosamine

    Glucosamine Other name(s): chitosamine, 2-amino-2deoxy-D-glucose General description Glucosamine is a naturally occurring substance that may alleviate symptoms associated with osteoarthritis. Glucosa...

  • Glutamic Acid

    Glutamic Acid Other name(s): a-aminoglutaric acid Reported uses Glutamic acid is often used in the treatment of hypochlorhydria and achlorhydria. Unsubstantiated claims Please note that this section ...

  • Goldenseal

    Goldenseal Botanical name(s): Hydrastis canadensis. Family: Ranunculaceae Other name(s): golden seal, yellow root General description Goldenseal is a perennial herb native to North America. The roots...

  • Antioxidants

    Antioxidants Other name(s): free radical scavengers General description Antioxidants help prevent free radicals from damaging the body by neutralizing them. A free radical is an atom or molecule that...

  • Bee Pollen

    Bee Pollen Other name(s): pollen General description Pollen is found in flowering plants. Bees collect pollen while they are searching for nectar. Pollen can be gathered from bees or harvested from p...

  • Bone Meal

    Bone Meal General description Bone Meal is produced from defatted, dried animal bones that are ground to a fine powder. It is used as a mineral supplement and is high in calcium and phosphorus. Today...

  • Borage Oil

    Borage Oil Other name(s): gamma-linolenic acid, GLA General description Borage oil consists primarily of the essential fatty acid gamma-linolenic acid (GLA). GLA is an omega-6 fatty acid which is nec...

  • Garlic

    Garlic Botanical name(s): Allium sativum. Family: Liliaceae General description Garlic consists of fresh or dried bulbs of the botanical plant Allium sativum, which is cultivated worldwide. The bulb ...

  • Ginger

    Ginger Botanical name(s): Zingiber officiale Roscoe. Family: Zingiberaceae Other name(s): gingerroot, zingiberis rhizoma General description Ginger is a perennial plant with grasslike leaves. Ginger,...

  • Ginkgo Biloba

    Ginkgo Biloba Botanical name(s): Ginkgo biloba. Family: Ginkgoaceae Other name(s): maidenhair tree General description The herb ginkgo biloba is the extract from the dried leaves and seeds of the tre...

  • Ginseng

    Ginseng Botanical name(s): Panax ginseng, Panax quinquefolius (American ginseng, an endangered species), Panax repens. Family: Araliaceae Other name(s): American ginseng, Chinese ginseng, Korean gins...

  • Glycine

    Glycine Other name(s): aminoacetic acid Unsubstantiated claims Please note that this section reports on claims that have NOT yet been substantiated through scientific studies. There is conflicting ev...

  • Alpha Lipoic Acid

    Alpha Lipoic Acid Other name(s): ALA, alpha-lipoic acid, TA, thioctic acid General description Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) is an antioxidant that is quickly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract; it i...

  • Cobalt

    Cobalt Other name(s): cobalamin, cyanocobalamin , hydroxyocobalamin General description In elemental form, it is a hard gray metal. Its only well-recognized function is as a component of vitamin B-12...

  • Cranberry

    Cranberry Botanical name(s): Vaccinium macrocarpon. Family: Ericaceae Other name(s): bearberry, craneberry General description The cranberry is an evergreen plant native to the northeastern United St...

  • Elderberry

    Elderberry Botanical name(s): Sambucus canadensis, S. nigra, S. racemosa, S. ebulus. Family: Caprifoliaceae Other name(s): black elder, European elder, elder flower, sambucas General description The ...

  • Feverfew

    Feverfew Botanical name(s): Chrysanthemum parthenium, Tanacetum parthenium. Family: Asteraceae Other name(s): altamisa, bachelor's buttons, featherfew, featherfoil General description Feverfew is rel...

  • Alfalfa

    Alfalfa Botanical name(s): Medicago sativa. Family: Fabaceae Other name(s): hay, lucerne, purple medic General description Alfalfa is a perennial grown worldwide as a feedstock for cattle. Its appear...

  • Dong Quai

    Dong Quai Botanical name(s): Angelica archangelica. Family: Umbelliferae Other name(s): angelica, Chinese angelica, Japanese angelica General description Dong quai is a fragrant perennial or biennial...

  • Echinacea

    Echinacea Botanical name(s): Echinacea purpurea, E. angustifolia, E. pallida. Family: Asteraceae Other name(s): black sampson, purple coneflower, rudbeckia, sampson root General description Echinacea...

  • Aloe

    Aloe Botanical name(s): Aloe africana, Aloe barbadensis, Aloe ferox, Aloe perryi, Aloe spicata, Aloe vera. Family: Liliaceae. Over 200 known species of aloe exist. Other name(s): Aloe vera, burn plan...

  • Aspartic Acid

    Aspartic Acid Other name(s): aminosuccinic acid Unsubstantiated claims Please note that this section reports on claims that have NOT yet been substantiated through scientific studies. Some athletes c...

  • Bilberry

    Bilberry Botanical name(s): Vaccinium myrtillus, Vaccinium uliginosum. Family: Ericaceae Other name(s): blueberry, bog whortleberry, northern bilberry General description Bilberries are a type of blu...

  • Black Cohosh

    Black Cohosh Botanical name(s): Cimicifuga racemosa. Family: Ranunculaceae Other name(s): black snake root, bugbane, bugwort, rattleroot, rattleweed, squaw root General description Black cohosh is a ...

  • Cascara Sagrada

    Cascara Sagrada Botanical name(s): Rhamnus purshiana. Family: Rhamnaceae Other name(s): bitter bark, sacred bark General description Cascara sagrada, which means "sacred bark," was first used by Nati...

  • Cat's Claw

    Cat's Claw Botanical name(s): Uncaria tomentosa. Family: Rubiaceae Other name(s): una de gato General description Cat's claw is a climbing vine that grows in many countries in Central and South Ameri...

  • Cayenne

    Cayenne Botanical name(s): Capsicum annuum, C. frutescens. Family: Solanaceae Other name(s): Capsaicin, capsacum, African chili, chili, hot pepper, Louisiana long pepper or sport pepper, paprika, red...

  • Chaste Tree

    Chaste Tree (Chasteberry) Botanical name(s): Vitex agnus-castus L. Family: Verbenaceae Other name(s): chasteberry, cloister pepper, hemp tree, monk's pepper, vitex General description Vitex agnus-cas...

  • Citrulline

    Citrulline Other name(s): a-amino-d-ureido-n-valeric acid Unsubstantiated claims Please note that this section reports on claims that have NOT yet been substantiated through scientific studies. Besid...

  • Pantothenic Acid

    Pantothenic Acid Other name(s): vitamin B 5 , chick antidermatitis factor (archaic), pantothenyl alcohol General description Pantothenic acid is a water-soluble vitamin that belongs to the B group of...

  • Riboflavin

    Riboflavin Other name(s): vitamin B 2 , lactoflavin General description Riboflavin is a member of the B family of vitamins ( B Complex ). Riboflavin is a water-soluble vitamin and excess amounts are ...

  • Copper

    Copper Other name(s): chelated copper, copper histidinate, cupric acetate General description Copper is a soft, reddish-orange metal and an essential trace element. Its functions in the body are stil...

  • EPA

    EPA Other name(s): eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA, fish oil, omega-3 fatty acids, omega-3 oil(s) General description Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid found in abundanc...

  • Flaxseed

    Flaxseed Botanical name(s): Linum usitatissimum. Family: Linaceae Other name(s): flax, linseed, lint bells, winterlien General description Flaxseed is an annual, grown in temperate and tropical regio...

  • Niacin

    Niacin Other name(s): vitamin B 3 , niacinamide, nicotinamide, nicotinic acid, nicotinic acid amide General description Niacin is a member of the B family of vitamins ( B Complex ). Niacin is a water...

  • Thiamin

    Thiamin Other name(s): vitamin B-1, thiamin (U.S. spelling), thiamine (European spelling) General description Thiamin is a member of the B family of vitamins ( B Complex ). It was the first water-sol...

  • Vitamin A

    Vitamin A Other name(s): b-carotene, beta-carotene , retinol, vitamin A-1 General description Vitamin A, or retinol, was the first substance isolated in the group called vitamins. It is one of the fo...

  • Vitamin B-12

    Vitamin B 12 Other name(s): cobalamin, cyanocobalamin, hydroxocobalamin General description Vitamin B 12 is a water-soluble vitamin that is essential for cell division and is found only in animal-bas...

  • Arginine

    Arginine Other name(s): a-amino-d-guanidino-n-valeric acid Unsubstantiated claims Please note that this section reports on claims that have NOT yet been substantiated through scientific studies. Argi...

  • Calcium

    Calcium Other name(s): calcium carbonate, calcium citrate, calcium glubionate, calcium gluconate, calcium lactate, calcium phosphate, tricalcium phosphate General description Calcium is the most abun...

  • Chromium

    Chromium Other name(s): trivalent chromium, chromium picolinate General description Chromium is an essential trace metal involved in regulating blood sugar and enhancing insulin action. It is also ne...

  • Coenzyme Q-10

    Coenzyme Q-10 Other name(s): Co Q-10, Q-10, ubiquinone, ubiquinol General description Coenzyme Q-10 is a fat-soluble quinone similar in structure to vitamins E and K. Since its discovery 40 years ago...

  • Lecithin

    Lecithin Lecithin is also known as alpha-phosphatidylcholines, lecithinum ex soya, sojalecithin, or soy lecithin. General description Lecithin does not refer to a single chemical but rather to a grou...

  • Beta-Carotene

    Beta-Carotene Other name(s) vitamin A , b-carotene, provitamin A General Beta-carotene belongs to a group of provitamins which are related to vitamin A , called carotenoids. Their reddish-violet pigm...

  • Choline

    Choline Other name(s) choline bitartrate, choline chloride, choline dihydrogen General description Choline is a water-soluble component of many important chemicals within the body. Although not all c...

  • Vitamin B Complex

    Vitamin B Complex General description Vitamin B-complex contains all the vitamins in the B group. It appears that the different B vitamins are related to each other and work closely together in the b...

  • Fiber

    Fiber Other name(s): b-glucan, cellulose, chitosan, gellan, guar gum, gum, hemicellulose, konjac mannan, lignin, mucilage pectin General description Fiber is present to some degree in almost all plan...

  • Lutein

    Lutein Other name(s): luteol, xanthophyll General description: Lutein is a yellow pigment that belongs to a group of substances called carotenoids. Carotenoids are believed to play an important role ...

  • Melatonin

    Melatonin Other name(s): N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine, melanocyte-contracting principle, skin-lightening factor General description: Melatonin is a not a nutrient, but a hormone produced by the pinea...

  • Valine

    Valine Other name(s): a-amino-isovaleric acid Unsubstantiated claims: Please note that this section reports on claims that have NOT yet been substantiated through scientific studies. Valine may help ...

  • Alanine

    Alanine Other name(s): a-alanine, a-amino-propionic acid, b-alanine, b-amino-propionic acid Unsubstantiated claims Alanine may be beneficial in treating diabetes because it aids glucose metabolism an...